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LD AP World II Ch 19

LD AP World II Chapter 19 - Terms

Ottoman Empire Islamic state founded by Osman in NW Anatolia. ca. 1300. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, this empire was based at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) from 1453 to 1922. It encompassed lands in the ME, North Africa, the Caucasus and E Europe.
Suleiman the Magnificent The most illustrious sultan of the Ottoman Empire (r. 1520-1566); also known as Suleiman Kanuni, "The Lawgiver". Significantly expanded the empire in the Balkans and eastern Mediterranean.
Janissaries Infantry, originally of slave origin, armed with fire-arms and constituting the elite of the Ottoman army from the fifteenth century until the corps was abolished in 1826.
Tulip Period Last years of the reign of Ottoman sultan Ahmed III, during which European styles and attitudes became briefly popular in Istanbul (1718-1730)
Safavid Empire Iranian kingdom (1502-1722) established by Ismail Safavi who declared Iran a Shi"ite state.
Shah Abbas I The fifth and most renowned ruler of the Safavid dynasty in Iran (r. 1587-1629). Moved the royal capital to Isfahan in 1598.
Mughal Empire Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Akbar Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus.
Mansabs In India, grants land given in return for service by rulers of the Mughal Empire.
Rajputs Members of a mainly Hindu warrior cute from northwest India. The Mughal Emperors drew most of their Hindu officials from this cast and Akbar married a Rajput princess.
Acheh Sultanate Muslim kingdom in northern Sumatra. Main center of Islamic expansion in Southeast Asia in the early seventeenth century, it declined after the Dutch seized Malacca from Portugal in 1641.
Oman Arab state based in Muscat, the main port in the southwest region of the Arabian peninsula. He succeeded Portugal as a power in the western Indian Ocean in the eighteenth century.
Swahili Bantu language with Arabic loanwords spoken in coastal regions of East Africa.
Batavia Fort established ca. 1619 as headquarters of Dutch East India Company operations in Indonesia; today the city of Jakarta
Created by: desilva13