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The Holocaust

TermDefinition
Anne Frank -1933 - Adolf Hitler took power in Germany, making it harder for Jews to live there, so she and her family moved to the Netherlands -July 1942 - She and her family hid in an attic for 2 years because the Jew concentration camps growing in Netherlands
Anne Frank -While in hiding ______ wrote a diary, in here she put her feelings and experiences. This diary was published because of the amazing events she went through. -They were eventually found and arrested.
Anne Frank - was sent to the Bergen-Belsen (Northern Germany) along with her sister Margot -died from typhus
The Diary -Anne was given the it as her 13th birthday present -She had an imaginary friend named Kitty who she pretended she was writing to in it
The Diary -In it she put her life experiences, family relationships, and her emotional development throughout her life -It was a sign of a young woman resisting the Nazis, she gave people hope and showed them that they shouldn’t give up.
Adolf Eichman -The Austrian Legion was for unemployed Nazi party members -August 1938 - He created a central office for Jewish emigration, it helped over 110,000 Austrian-Jews emigrate -Summer 1939 - He worked to expand his central offices to Prague.
Adolf Eichman -August 1933 - He joined the “Austrian Legion” in Bavaria -After WWII, he was captured by the US, but eventually escaped to Argentina. -Next he was abducted and transported to Israel, there they tried him and was hanged between May 31 and June 1 1961
Reinhard Heydrich -He had an ideal appearance for a Nazi, blond hair, tall, and fit. -During WWII he was a high ranking German Official -He was feared by many because his job was basically to murder jews and other enemies of Germany.
Reinhard Heydrich -He was part of the RHSA (Reich Security Main Office; Reichssicherheitshauptamt) in which they planned to murder the European Jews. -The RHSA was made to fight all the enemies of the Reich both inside and outside German borders
Reinhard Heydrich -He was present at the Wannsee Conference, here he proposed his “final solution.” A plan in which Jews all over Germany would be captured and stuck in Ghettos to work on roads. -This would later become the Holocaust
Reinhard Heydrich -Since he was so confident that his plan for peace he drove around the Prague with an open car. He was killed by two Czech patriots, they threw a bomb into the front seat. -He was badly injured and eventually his wounds got infected and he died.
Reinhard Heydrich -The Prague was a large Czech Republic city where He had put one of his ghetto camps
Josef Rudolf Mengele Joseph Mengele was a feared man in the concentration camps and was known as a mad scientist He was first appointed as a doctor at the camp and was later assigned to Auschwitz
Josef Rudolf Mengele There he performed dangerous experiments on twins which received special treatment but always died. He performed dangerous experiments on the children like blood transfusion, eye injection, shots and diseases, and surgeries.
Heinrich Himmler -was a huge military figure because the security of the Nazis and senior Nazi official responsible for conceiving and overseeing implementation of the the Nazi plan to murder the Jews. -had his 1st army which consisted of 280 men (the SS)
Heinrich Himmler -After deploying his SS in April 1931 to crush a revolt by the Berlin SA against Hitler's leadership, He created the Security Service (SD) in the summer of 1931.
Heinrich Himmler -He also gained control over man concentration camps as Hitler expanded his power and he expanded his own power to become one of the most important generals of the Nazis.
Heinrich Himmler -In September 1939, He fused the Security Police and the SD into the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), the agency that would be tasked with implementing the Holocaust in 1941-1942.
Heinrich Himmler -He also unified and centralized the uniformed police forces (Ordnungspolizei; Orpo) in Germany.
Victims -Many famous people were victims of the Holocaust, this goes to show that many famous people including Germans themselves tried to fight against the Nazi cause but soon met a nasty fate in the Concentration Camps of Hitler.
Victims -It didn’t matter what age, what status, what race. Whoever fought against the Nazi cause met a terrible fate.
Death Tolls -Due to lack of food, water or supplies, fights would often break out. If too many people got into concentration camps, they were either taken to the gassing chambers or to be burnt alive.
Death Tolls -These acts of murder developed a new word, Genocide and was called the final solution. -Thousands of people died from starvation, brutality, infection, disease, exposure to the elements.
Kristallnacht -It started with Jews not being able to have the same rights as Germans -The attacks started when a 17-year old Jew, Herschel Grynszpan, attacked someone from the German Embassy staff because his family suffered poor treatment in the Nazi camps.
Kristallnacht -Germans broke into Jewish owned stores and destroyed them About 30,000 Jewish men were sent to Nazi Concentration Camp -From November 9-10, there were a series of deadly attacks against Jews in Germany, Austria, and other Nazi controlled areas
Liberation of the Concentration Camps -The Soviet Union freed many major camps, while the US and British freed the others -When the Allies found out about the camps, they gained hatred for the Nazi’s
Liberation of the Concentration Camps -When the Soviet Union first entered the Concentration Camps, there were corps, bones, and human ashes -The Jews feared to go back home because of the hatred of Jews that still lingered in parts of Europe
Liberation of the Concentration Camps -When the Germans learned that the Soviet Union was coming, they destroyed the evidence of the Concentration Camps
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising -Jews in Poland staged a revolt against the Nazi’s -The Germans were planning to ship 300,000 Jews to death camp where they would be murdered -A group a Jews formed ZOB (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa) to stop Jews from being transported
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising -The Germans returned with 2,000 troops and versed the 790 men army of the Jews -The Jewish held out for almost a month before the Germans captured most of the Jews -Inspired other uprisings in Concentrations Camps throughout East Europe
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising -With the small amount of weapons that the Jews smuggled, they were able to fight of the Germans who tried to round up Jews
Vrba-Wetzler Report -the first report about the Concentration Camp Auschwitz -was mainly to warn the Hungarian Jews of the Nazi’s plan -It was thought that it would be sent to the right authorities and the authorities would shut the camp down
Vrba-Wetzler Report -The most urgent copy of it was taken by the head of the Hungarian Jews, Rudolph Kastner. He wanted to make a deal with the Nazi’s -When the British and the US got the it, they automatically threatened Hungary
Vrba-Wetzler Report -It took months for the copies of the report to get in the right hands -The bombing of the capitol resulted in 122,000 Jews saved
The Nuremberg Laws -These racial laws discriminated German Jews and separated them from Reich citizenship -Jews could not have any relationship to a Reich citizen either -A Reich citizen is someone with German or related blood.
The Nuremberg Laws -A “Jew” was now not someone with certain religious beliefs, but someone with 3-4 Jewish grandparents. So, even if a Jew changed their religion, if their grandparents were Jews, they would be considered Jews as well.
The Nuremberg Laws -was a way to ensure whether or not someone was a Jew so that they could be killed by the Nazi hunters.
Einsatzgruppen -These were squads of killing units that murdered any racial or political enemy of Germany. -Victims included Jews, Roma (Gypsies), and officials of the Soviet state and the Soviet Communist Party, and mentally and physically disabled people.
Einsatzgruppen -At first, they killed only men, but later they disregarded age and gender. -Victims who were not shot were severely tortured -they were transported by truck to the execution site; the trenches
Einsatzgruppen -In some cases, victims had to dig their own graves -When they had handed in their valuables and undressed they would be shot.
Concentration camps; Auschwitz -defined as confinements, usually with brutal conditions without regard to legal criterion of imprisonment that are respectable to a constitutional democracy -was the largest concentration and mass killing camp ever created by the Nazis.
Concentration camps; Auschwitz -it is estimated that about 1.1 million people were killed -On October 7th 1944, hundreds of prisoners rebelled against the Nazi when they learned they would be killed
Concentration camps; Auschwitz -Outcomes of rebellion: prisoners killed three guards, blew up the crematorium and gas chambers, Nazi’s killed almost all of the prisoners who had rebelled
Concentration camps; Auschwitz -Later, authorities over there established 44 subcamps -Of these, camps that produced agricultural goods were dependant on Auschwitz-Birkenau camps that provided industrial production were subordinate to Auschwitz-Monowitz -was liberated by the Soviet
Concentration camps; Auschwitz -was liberated by the Soviet Union on January 27th, 1945 -7000 prisoners were freed, most of which were ill and or dying
Created by: ascawesome