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WH Ch. 13

WH Ch. 13 Terms

TermDefinition
Middle Ages the medieval period
Franks Germaic people who held power in the Roman province of Gaul
monastery a religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship
secular concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Carolingian Dynasty the family that ruled the Franks from 751 to 987
Charlemagne Charles the Great; ruled the Franks following his father's (Pepin the Short) death
lord in feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore gran estates to vassals
fief an estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe
vassal in feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
knight in medieval Europe, an armored warrior who fought on horseback
serf a medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord's estate
manor a lord's estate in feudal Europe
tithe a family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church
chivalry a code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion
tournament a mock battle between groups of knights
troubadour a medieval poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people with songs of courtly love
clergy a body of officials who perform religious services - such as priests, ministers, or rabbis
sacrament one of the Christian ceremonies in which God's grace is transmitted to people
canon law the body of laws governing the religious pratices of a Christian church
Holy Roman Empire strongest state in Europe until about 1100; German-Italian empire created by Otto
lay investiture the appointment of religious officials by kings or nobels
Created by: mjnlewis