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ch.5

world history

QuestionAnswer
The Yellow River- provided a water source at high plateau of Tibet
Neolithic societies after 5000 B.C.E- Excavations at Banpo village: fine pottery, bone tools
The Xia Dynasty- Legendary King Yu, the dynasty founder, a hero of flood control
The Shang dynasty: 1766-1122 B.C.E. Arose in the southern and eastern areas of the Xia realm Many written records and material remains discovered
The Zhou dynasty: 1122-256 B.C.E. Political organization: decentralized administration Used princes and relatives to rule regions Consequence: weak central government and rise of regional powers
The social order The ruling elites with their lavish consumption of bronze Hereditary aristocrats with extensive landholding Administrative and military offices Manuals of etiquette
Family and patriarchy Family and patriarchy
The secular cultural tradition Absence of organized religion and priestly class Believed in the impersonal heavenly power--tian
Early Chinese writing, from pictograph to ideograph More than two thousand characters identified on oracle bones
Thought and literature he Book of Change, a manual of diviners The Book of History, the history of the Zhou
Chinese cultivators and nomadic peoples of central Asia Nomadic peoples of the steppe lands--herders Exchange of products between nomads and Chinese farmers
The southern expansion of Chinese society the Yangzi valley; dependable river; two crops of rice per year
The indigenous peoples of southern China The indigenous peoples of southern China
The state of Chu in the central region of Yanzi Challenged the Zhou for supremacy
5000-3000 B.C.E. Yangshao society
2200–1766 B.C.E. Xia dynasty
1766–1122 B.C.E. Shang dynasty
1122–256 B.C.E. Zhou dynasty
403–221 B.C.E. Period of the Warring States
Political Xia Dynasty Legendary King Yu, the dynasty founder, a hero of flood control
Interactions Xia Dynasty Erlitou: possibly the capital city of the Xia
Religious Xia Dynasty they worshipped their ancestors
Agriculture and Art Xia Dynasty Excavations at Banpo village: fine pottery, bone tools
Technology Xia Dynasty fine pottery, bone tools
Economy Xia Dynasty Water source at high plateau of Tibet
Social Xia Dynasty Archeological discovery of the Xia is still in its early stages
Political Shang Dynasty Bronze metallurgy, monopolized by ruling elite
Interactions Shang Dynasty Arose in the southern and eastern areas of the Xia realm
Religious Shang Dynasty they worshipped their ancestors
Agriculture Shang Dynasty Lavish tombs of Shang kings with thousands of objects
Technology Shang Dynasty Bronze metallurgy, monopolized by ruling elite
Economy Shang Dynasty Many written records and material remains discovered
Social Shang Dynasty Social stability
Political Zhou Dynasty Used princes and relatives to rule regions
Interactions Zhou Dynasty The Warring States (403-221 B.C.E.)
Religious Zhou Dynasty they worshipped their ancestors
Agriculture Zhou Dynasty Mandate of heaven only given to virtuous rulers
Technology Zhou Dynasty Iron metallurgy spread through China in first millennium B.C.E.
Economy Zhou Dynasty Territorial princes became more independent
Social Zhou Dynasty the Warring States (403-221 B.C.E.) The last king of the Zhou abdicated his position in 256 B.C.E.
Xia Dynasty The first Chinese dynasty established around 2200 BCE along the Yellow River with Yu(hero of flood control) as their king and Erlitou as their capital.
Huang He River A river that was nicknamed "China's Sorrow"
Loess soil Yellowish-colored dirt used as soil in Chinese agriculture during the Xia Dynasty.
Shang Dynasty The second Chinese dynasty established around 1766 BCE to 1122 BCE; it had moved its capital six times; the kings were buried with thousands of objects.
Mandate of Heaven The right to rule; only given to virtuous leaders.
Zhou Dynasty The third Chinese dynasty established around 1122 BCE to 256 BCE; overthrew the Shang; it had a decentralized administration; the last king abdicated his position
Ancestor worship There was a belief that in order to prosper, the family must honor their dead to work as one; usually the role of the male of the household to honor the dead using rites and ceremonies.
Oracle bones Bones of tortoise/sheep that contained inscribed questions to spirits; cracks were left and were only read by fortune tellers after being thrown in a fire
Created by: ErickRam2019