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Chapter 5

Early Society in East Asia

By exalting the legendary sage kings (Yao, Shun, and Yu) as exemplars of virtue, Chinese moralists promoted the values of social harmony, selflessness, and hard work.
The Yellow River earned its nickname "China's Sorrow" because its frequent floods were very destructive to agricultural society.
In Yangshao society (5000-3000 B.C.E.), the people had fine pottery and used bone tools.
Many scholars believe that the dynasty of China, Xia, was not a mere legend but a real state, because the Chinese legends associated the founder of Xia with flood control.
The Shang rulers monopolized bronze technology for the purpose of making superior weapons against potential competitors.
Which of the following were NOT found in the Shang tomb of Fu Hao? iron weapons
According to Zhou political theory, the Zhou king overthrew the Shang dynasty because the Shang lost the mandate of heaven.
The Chinese king was called the "son of heaven" and served as a link between heaven and earth.
To rule an extensive territory without advanced transportation and communication technology, Zhou rulers relied on decentralized administration, which meant that they entrusted their subordinates to rule the regions of their kingdom.
The Zhou central government was unable to monopolize the production of iron because iron ore was too cheap and abundant.
All of the following were social classes of Xia, Shang, and Zhou, EXCEPT priests and monks.
The tradition of venerating ancestors was firmly established during the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties. According to this tradition, one worshipped the departed ancestors for protection and good fortune.
In practice, the veneration of ancestors reinforced the authority of the patriarchal head of the family because it was the patriarch who presided over the rites honoring ancestors.
During the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, China experienced a shift from a matrilineal society to a patrilineal society. This shift was caused by the rise of large states.
During the early dynasties, Chinese diviners used oracle bones to predict the future and answer questions.
From Shang times until today, Chinese writing is primarily ideographic
Which of the following was NOT among Zhou literature? books of religious teaching
The nomadic peoples to the north and west of China did not imitate Chinese ways because the grassy steppe lands were not suitable for agriculture or permanent settlement.
During the Zhou dynasty, China expanded into the Yangzi River valley primarily through migration and assimilation.
The state of Chu was an autonomous state to the south of the Zhou state.
Economy (definition) Careful, thrifty management of resources, such as money, materials, or labor
Federation The act of federating, especially a joining together of states into a league or federal union.
Consent To give assent, as to the proposal of another; agree.
Mandate A command or an authorization given by a political electorate to its representative.
Empire A political unit having an extensive territory or comprising a number of territories or nations and ruled by a single supreme authority.
Ideology The body of ideas reflecting the social needs and aspirations of an individual, group, class, or culture.
Arbitrary Established by a court or judge rather than by a specific law or statute
Civilization The type of culture and society developed by a particular nation or region or in a particular epoch
Doctrine A principle or body of principles presented for acceptance or belief, as by a religious, political, scientific, or philosophic group
Xia Dynasty Geography: Name of their source river. The yellow river.
Xia Dynasty Geography: name of the yellow colored soil that was carried by the yellow river. Loess soil.
Xia Dynasty Geography: Explain the river's nickname "China's Sorrow" Extensive flooding.
Xia Dynasty Political: about when was it established? 2200BCE
Xia Dynasty Political: The founder of the Xia Dynasty. The legendary king Yu. He was the the hero of flood control.
Xia Dynasty Political: The possible capital of this dynasty. Erlitou
Xia Dynasty Technology: What were their tools made out of? Stone or bone.
Created by: FidencioV3202