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LOM Book Chapter 1

Language of Medicine - Flash Cards - From MTatHome.com

QuestionAnswer
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: aden/o mean? gland
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: hemat/o blood
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: nephr/o kidney
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: onc/o tumor
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: psych/o mind
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: sect/o to cut
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: ur/o urinary tract, urine
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: oste/o bone
What is the meaning of the Combining Form of: radi/o x-rays
What is the meaning of the suffix: -globin protein
What is the meaning of the suffix: -ion process
What is the meaning of the suffix: -itis inflammation
What is the meaning of the suffix: -oma tumor, mass, swelling
What is the meaning of the suffix: -opsy process of viewing
What is the meaning of the suffix: -algia pain
What is the meaning of the suffix: -pathy disease condition
What is the meaning of the suffix: -tomy process of cutting, incision
What is the meaning of the prefix: dia- through, complete
What is the meaning of the prefix: epi- above, upon
What is the meaning of the prefix: in- into, in
What is the meaning of the prefix: pro- before, forward
What is the meaning of the prefix: retro- behind
What is the meaning of the prefix: sub- below, under
What is the meaning of the prefix: ex- out
What is the meaning of the prefix: hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
adenitis Inflammation of the gland.
adenoma Tumor of a gland.
adenopathy A disease condition of a gland (often enlargement) of a gland.
anemia Decrease of hemoglobin in the blood, caused by low red blood cell production, loss of blood, or increase of red blood cell destruction.
arthralgia Pain of a joint.
arthritis Inflammation of a joint.
autopsy Examination of a body after death (postmortem) to determine the cause of death.
biology Study of life (living organisms).
biopsy Process of removing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.
carcinogenic Pertaining to producing cancer.
carcinoma Cancerous or malignant tumor.
cardiac Pertaining to the heart.
cardiology Study of the heart.
cephalic Pertaining to the head.
cerebral Pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain).
cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
cystoscopy Visual examination of the urinary bladder.
cytology Study of cells.
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin.
dermatology Study of the skin.
diagnosis Complete knowledge of a patient’s condition.
electrocardiogram Record of the electricity within the heart.
electroencephalogram Record of the electricity within the brain.
endocrine glands Glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream.
endocrinologist Specialist in the study of the endocrine glands.
endoscope Instrument to visually examine within the body.
endoscopy Process of visual examination within the body.
enteritis Inflammation of the small intestine.
enteropathy Disease condition of the intestines, often the small intestine.
epidermis The outer layer of the skin.
epigastric Pertaining to above or upon the stomach.
erythrocyte Red blood cell.
excision Process of cutting out; removal; resection.
gastrectomy Removal or excision of the stomach.
gastric Pertaining to the stomach.
gastroenterology Study of the stomach and intestines.
gastrotomy Incision of the stomach.
gynecologist Specialist in the study of disorders of the female reproductive system.
gynecology Study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system.
hematology Study of blood and blood disorders.
hematoma Collection or mass of blood.
hemoglobin Blood protein contained in red blood cells.
hepatitis Inflammation of the liver.
hepatoma Tumor of the liver; hepatocellular carcinoma.
hyperglycemia High levels of sugar in the bloodstream; often associated with diabetes mellitus.
hyperthyroidism Secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone, or T4).
hypodermic Pertaining to under the skin.
hypoglycemia Low/deficient levels of sugar in the bloodstream.
iatrogenic Pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure.
leukocyte White blood cell.
leukocytosis Slight increase in white blood cells.
nephrectomy Removal of a kidney.
nephritis Inflammation of a kidney.
nephrology Study of the kidneys and kidney disease.
nephrosis Abnormal condition of the kidney.
neuralgia Pain of nerves.
neurology Study of nerves and nerve disorders.
oncology Study of tumors particularly malignant growths.
ophthalmologist Specialist in the study of the eyes and eye disorders.
osteitis Inflammation of a bone.
osteotomy Incision of a bone.
pathogenic Pertaining to producing disease.
pathologist A specialist in the study of disease.
pathology Study of disease.
pediatric Pertaining to treatment of children.
pericardium The sac surrounding the heart.
prognosis State of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness.
psychiatrist Specialist in treatment of the mind.
psychology Study of the mind.
radiology Study of x-rays and related procedures for diagnosis.
renal Pertaining to the kidney.
resection Removal or excision of an organ or part of the body.
retrocardiac Pertaining to behind the heart.
rhinitis Inflammation of the nose.
sarcoma Tumor (malignant) of fleshy tissue such as bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage.
subhepatic Pertaining to below the liver.
thrombocyte A cell that helps blood to clot; a platelet.
transhepatic Pertaining to through or across the liver.
urology Study of the urinary tract.
Created by: mtathome