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Fertile Crescent Study Guide Terms

Silt The rivers deposit slit as they flow south, making the region a good place of farm land. Slit is a loose soil carried by water.
Drought Long period without rain.
Levee Protect against floods, a wall that keeps river at it's banks.
Irrigation Used to bring water to crops from artificial lakes.
Erosion Wearing away of soil by wind or water.
Cuneiform Earliest writing system helped make laws, letter, records and even riddles.
Scribe After years of studying students become scribes, they write everything and record writing pieces.
City-State Self governing city and also governs nearby villages.
Ziggurat A temple that has a flattened top made by mud-brick.
Polytheism A belief in many gods or goddess.
Empire A group of land and people ruled by one government.
Time Line A digram of events arranged in the order of which they took place.
Century 100 years.
Decade 10 years.
Code Of Law A code of law is a written collection of the laws that apply to the people ruled by one government.
Aqueduct A raised waterway to carry water.
Judaism Is the first monotheistic religion.
Covenant A special agreement.
Prophet A person who speaks for God.
Torah The Torah had laws that forbade stealing and hurting others.
Monotheism A belief in only one God.
Ten Commandments They are the core of the Jewish religion and teachings.
Diaspora Diaspora is when you scatter Jews away from their homeland.
Tigris/Euphrates River Tigris River: River that ran through the Fertile Crescent, main water source. Euphrates River: Also ran through Fertile Crescent, helped make life possible in a dry region.
Mesopotamia The land in between the two rivers.
Sumer Also known as Mesopotamia, Sumer is a region.
Enheduana Priestess for Sumerian also a scribe.
Sargon Famous king of a city-state called Kish. Sargon created the first great Empire united city-state. His Empire broke apart after his death.
Gilgamesh He is a hero and everyone told stories about him and he had everlasting life.
Hammurabi He was the King of Babylon, he had a lot of power. He controlled almost everything. He built dams across the Euphrates River to control water flow.
Assyria Is a large Kingdom to the North of Sumer.
Nineveh Was one of the largest cities in Mesopotamia.
Babylonia Because Hammurabi's capital was Babylon his Empire was called Babylonia.
Abraham The bible tell about a man named Abraham and his wife, Sara. He made a convent with God.
Moses Moses was raised by the Pharaoh's daughter. He saw a man whipping a Israelit and he fled into the desert. God convinced him to come back and to free the Israelites to freedom. The NEW pharoh said no.
Moses- Part Two He finally got the enslaved Israelites away and they traveled for 40 years. He died right before they got across the river. God gave him the Ten Commandments there.
Solomon King David's son, he built a great temple.
Canaan God told Abraham to go to Canaan when he made a special agreement with him or convent.
Egypt The Israelite went to Egypt because they wanted food. Then the were enslaved. Finally Moses freed the Israelites.
Mount Sinai Moses lead the Israelites to Mont Sinai early in their journey. Here God gave Moses the first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible called the Torah.
Jerusalem King David made he city of Jerusalem. Became the center of both religious and political life.
Israel Powerful Kingdom under the leadership of King David.
King David Made and lead the city of Jerusalem/Israel.
Created by: Ellie_Swim