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Chapter 5

Pirates Chart, Vocabulary, and Chronology

QuestionAnswer
Where was the Xia dynasty? Yellow river
What is "China's Sorrow"? Extensive floodings
What art did they make? Fine pottery and bone tools
When did they establish? 2200 B.C.E
Whos is the dynasty founder? King Yu
What is the capital of the Xia dynasty? Erlitou
What did King Yu represent? a hero of flood control
Where was the Shang Dynasty established at? Arose in the southern and eastern areas
What did the Indo Europeans bring for war? Horses and charriots
What did agricultural surpluses support? Large troops
What type of vast network did they have? Walled towns
How many times did the Shang capital move? Six times
Where did they put Shang Kings? Lavish Tombs
When did the Shang dynasty establish? 1766-1122 B.C.E.
When did the Zhou dynasty establish? 1122-256 B.C.E.
What did the Zhou dynasty do to the Shang dynasty? Conquered them
What is the son of heaven? Ruler
What type of political organization did they have? Decentralized administration
Who could rule? Princes and relatives to rule regions
What consequence did they have? Weak central government and rise of regional powers
What caused their fall? Nomadic invasion sacked Zhou capital and Territorial princes became more independent
What is the definition of Yao? A legendary emperor of China who, with his successor (Shun) was a paragon of good government
What is the definition of Shun? to keep away from (a place, person, object, etc.), from motives of dislike, caution, etc.; take pains to avoid.
What is the definition of Yu? a legendary Chinese emperor who drained the land and made the mountains.
What is the definition of Xia? a legendary dynasty in China
What is the definition of Shang? a Chinese dynasty
What is the definition of Zhou? A dynasty which ruled in China
What is the definition of Chu? a river in SE Kazakhstan, flowing NE from the Tian Shan, near the Kyrgyz border, into the desert
What is the definition of Mandate of heaven? ancient Chinese belief and philosophical idea that heaven granted emperors the right to rule based on their ability to govern well and fairly.
What is the definition of Legitimacy? the state or quality of being
What is the definition of Conspicuous? easily seen or noticed
What is the definition of Mariners? a person who directs or assists in the navigation of a ship
What is the definition of Scribes? a person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of printing
What is the definition of Secular? of or relating to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred
What is the definition of Yangtze river? a river in china
What is the definition of Yellow river? a river in china which the Xia dynasty established at
5000-3000 B.C.E. Yangshao society
2200 B.C.E. Xia dynasty
1766-1122 B.C.E. Shang dynasty
1122-256 B.C.E. Zhou dynasty
711 B.C.E. Nomadic Invasion
403-221 B.C.E. Warring states
256 B.C.E. The last king of the Zhou abdicated his position in
Sixth century B.C.E. Wood, bone, stone tools before iron was spread
1890's Discovery of the "dragon bones"
Created by: axelnavarro2019