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Chapter 5

AP World History Assignment

QuestionAnswer
Names of the three most notable heroic figures in Chinese legends Yao,Shun, and Yu
Where were the neolithic villages located and what were they in need of in 500 BCE? The villages were located along the Yellow/Yangzi River and DEPENDED on rice.
Loess(n) An extremely fine and powder-like substance that was deposited on the plains of northern China.
What did they build for their crops? Irrigation systems to gather rainfall water.
The northern Chinese societies each had differences in their architecture due to their: Political,social and cultural traditions.
What sort of rule began in 2200 BCE? Hereditary monarchal rule, the year when the Xia dynasty ruled over China.
How did the Shang dynasty 'overthrow' the Xia dynasty? By transforming the Chinese society with the help of metallurgy.
What happened in between 5000 and 3000 BCE? That was the era of the Yangshuo Society.
What were the time periods for the dynasties? (Xia, Shang and Zhou) Xia:2200 - 1766 BCE Shang:1766- 1122 BCE Zhou:1122- 256 BCE
When did the Warring States period occur? 403-221 BCE
Tier 1: Yao A member of a mountain-dwelling people of southern China
Tier 1:Shun Persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.
Tier 1: Yu A legendary Chinese emperor who drained the land and made the mountains.
Tier 1:Shang A Chinese dynasty traditionally dated 1766–1122 b.c. and known especially for bronze work.
Tier 1: Chu A chinese surname.
Tier 1 :Zhou A Chinese dynasty (traditionally dated 1122–221 BC) characterized by great intellectual achievements, including the rise of Confucianism and Taoism and the writing of the oldest known Chinese literature.
Tier 1: Xia The first dynasty in traditional Chinese history.
Tier 2: Yangzi The Yangtze River, known in China as the Chang Jiang or the Yangzi, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Tier 2: Yellow River The Yellow River or Huáng Hé is the third-longest river in Asia, following the Yangtze River and Yenisei River, and the sixth-longest in the world.
Tier 2: Mariners Sailors.
Tier 3: "Mandate of Heaven" An ancient Chinese belief and philosophical idea that tiān (heaven) granted emperors the right to rule based on their ability to govern well and fairly.
Tier 3: Legitimacy The lawfulness or authenticity of something, or refers to the status of a child being born to married parents.
Tier 3:Conspicuous Standing so as to be clearly visible.
Tier 3:Secular Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis.
Tier 3: Scribes A person who copies out documents, especially one employed to do this before printing was invented.
What traces have archeologists found? A complex of royal palaces, archives with written documents, residential neighborhoods, two bronze foundries and other unnamed items.
How was it that the Shang dynasty lost its power over China? The people's loyalty want towards the Zhou dynasty after the king of the Shang dynasty was considered corrupted.
What did the "mandate of heaven" do? It caused the Zhou dynasty leaders to refer to themselves as the "sons of heaven"
Why did the Zhou dynasty need a centralized government? It was a large dynasty causing it to need an allegiance tribute to and military support to the central government?
When did the nomadic people invade West China? 771 BCE
When did the Zhou dynasty end and why? It ended in 256 BCE after the king abdicated his throne due to pressure caused by his subordinate.
What were the three sage kings' principles? Yao:Associated with mountains,modest,sincere,respectful,brought harmony. Shun:Arranged seasons,established units of time,weight and measure. Yu: vigorous and tireless worker who tamed the Yellow River.
Which families were of great honor under the dynasty leaders? Allied noble families and the royal family, whom lived on agricultural surplus and taxes.
What inventions from 500 and 2000 BCE were discovered? 500 BCE: Chinese sails 2000 BCE: Large oar-propelled vessels
Was there an official religion for the Chinese? No, because they only believed in the afterlife and how their dead relatives could watch over them. The head of the families attended religious ceremonies and such, but there is no trace of an official religion.
What were the Chinese textbooks? Book of Changes, Book of History, Book of Etiquette, and Book of Rites
Burned books about poetry, history and philosophy and had a tight rule. Emperor coming from the house of Qin.
700 BCE The year that the nomadic herders started using writing.
To where did the Chinese cultivators move? They expanded towards North and West, they also encountered nomadic people in the central part of Asia.
Chinese nomadic herders were ____ often intermediaries on the trade route spanning all of central Asia.
Most of the world from the Zhou dynasty included things about what? Reflections of Confucious and other late Zhou thinkers, which served as the intellectual foundation of classical Chinese society.
Why is Confucius important in the modern day? He is the one that started the religion of Confucism, in which it is explained that everything has an opposite(like men and women, or darkness and light).
Surviving records indicate that scribes at the Shang royal court kept written accounts of important events on ___ strips of bamboo or pieces of cloth. Unfortunatly, all of thse materials, along with their messages, have perished.
What was the women's role in Ancient China? There was no other role than being the key of reproducing/fertility to simply create more and more men.
This dynasty dwelled in the Wei-River valley. The Zhou dynasty.
Created by: sammy3202