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Hinduism

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
the act of worship during which incense is burned and offerings are made to a Hindu deity represented by a statue or picture. Puja.
The practice used to gain control over the mind and body in order to reflect on the path to enlightenment. Yoga.
A sitting position in which legs are crossed over and bent in on themselves so that the heel of each foot is placed on top of the opposite thigh. This position encourages breathing and physical discipline conducive to deep meditation. Lotus Position.
the hindu language, originating in 1500 b.c.e, in which the sacred scriptures are written sanskrit
from sankrit, meaning "truth" or "knowledge" This word is applied to the ancient Hindu scriptures (4 sections) Veda
the earliest portions of the vedic library of scriptures and spiritual principles accepted by hindus as the foundation of their faith. Samhitas
Inspired sages who heard the hymns of the gods and transcribed them into the vedas Rishis
A sacred, special incantation or prayer mantra
one of the most popular Vedic gods, resembling zeus of greek mythology Indra
the period between 1500 and 1200 b.c.e. in which the Vedas are written and compiled Vedic age
Vedic writings added to the hindu scriptures between 1000 and 800 b.c.e. The Brahmanas explained many ceremonies and priestly duties discussed in the earlier vedas Brahmanas
The final writings added to the Vedic scriptures sometime between 800 and 300 b.c.e. Upanishads means "sitting near" or "at the feet of a master" in Sanskrit. The final phase in vedas Upanishads
The sanskrit term for reincarnation, a wordly cycle of birth, death and rebirth until a soul achieves enlightment and embraces the sacred reality of the absolute Samsara
Hindu social system of diving people women born in caste or mariage men least mobility in caste caste system
two protest religions that formed as reactions againts selected Hindu religious practices -power of priest - lower caste -rituals Jainism and Buddhism
an impartial force or principle of cause and effect that accounts for each person's good and bad actions kharma
the world spirit the absolute the chief god of the hindu faith assosiated with the creation of all reallity Brahma
the preserver god representing divine love who has been incarnated as krishna and Rama Vishnu
The energy force of the absolute, who is seen as the great cosmic creator and destroyer Shiva
the hindo concept of the individual self or soul atman
epic poem that tells of two feuding royal families who descend from a common ruler named Bharat and suffer through the horrors of a long civil war Mahabharata
The 18 chapter of the Mahabhrata and part of the hindu sacred scriptures. "song of god" -Hindu metaphysics between the warrior Arjuna and the Hindu god krishna(vishnu) Bhagavad Gita
books of law detailing the stages of a man's life and how each man should behave in passing through each stage. -student -householder -seeker -ascetic Dharmashastras
The hindu text that serves as a guide for mature sexuality kama sutra
festival to celebrate the god Rama, whose most famous experience is highlighted in Ramayana. The story of the Ramayana is re-enacted during this holiday. Ramalila
The hindu ideal of complet nonviolence in thought, word and deed. This belief is the foundation of Gandhi's resistance philosophy againts the British. -borrowed from Jainism Ahimsa
Sanskrit for "holding to the truth" This term was used by Gandhi to describe the religious and political tactics that he used againts the British in India Satyagraha
title given to Gandhi meaning Great soul Mahatma
A member of the merchant and farmer caste vaishya
enlighted spiritual teacher guru
a deity deva
a renunciate spirtual seeker sannyasin
the transmigration of the soul into a new body after death of the old body reincarnation
member of a labor caste shudra
moral order, rightneousness, religion dharma
a long hindu epic that includes the Bhagavad-gita Mahaharata
a worshipper of the divine as siva saivite
primordial sound om
renunciate spiritual seeker sannyasin
a member of the warrior or ruling caste kshatriya
Created by: hispanic911
 

 



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