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Unification of China

Confucius Educator and political advisor
Confucian Ideas - Fundamental on moral and ethical in character - Thoroughly practical with restoring political and social order - Concentrated on formation of junzi-- "superior individuals
Key Values Ren - a sense of humanity, kindness, benevolence Li - a sense of propriety, courtesy, respect, deference to elders Xiao - filial piety, familial obligation
Use of Key Values To bring order to China
Mencius ______, a Chinese philosopher (372 - 289 B.C.E.). He was the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself.
Mencius' Rule - Believed Ren - Supported the government with acts of kindness and humanity
Xunzi ______, also known as Xun Kuang, (298 - 238 B.C.E.). He was a Chinese Realist Confucian philosopher who had a less positive view of human nature
Xunzi's Rule - Believed that humans pursue own interests for selfish reasons - Had an ideal preference of harsh social discipline to bring order - Supported moral education and good public behavior
Daoism ______ brought critics to self of Confucian activism
Laozi ______ was the founder of Daoism
Zhuangzi Compendium of Daoist philosophy
The Dao the way of nature, the way of the cosmos
Dao's Concept & Idea The concept is an eternal principle governing all the workings of the world and it is passive and yielding, does nothing yet accomplishes everything
Legalism _______, originally known as Fa-Jia, was of one famous Chinese historiographer Sima Tan's schools of the Warring States period.
Shang Yang ______ (390 - 338 B.C.E.) was chief minister of Qin and Legalist writer
Han Feizi ______ (280 - 233 B.C.E.) synthesized Legalist ideas in essays
Qin ______ was a dynasty located in west China; it adopted Legalist policies.
Qin's Agriculture When it was encouraged, it resulted in a strong economy.
Qin Shihuangdi ________ was the first emperor ruling in 221 B.C.E.
Shihuangdi's Rule - Established centralized imperial rule - Project of connecting and extending the Great Wall - Buried 460 scholars alive because of their criticism against the Qin - Burned all books except some with utilitarian value
Created by: Michelle3102