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Classical China

QuestionAnswer
How long was his existence? (551-479 B.C.E).
Who was Confucius? Educator and political advisor.
What were some confucian ideas? Fundamentally moral and ethical in character, concentrated on the formation of junzi"superior individuals".
What were the key confucian values? Ren- a sense of humanity, kindness of benevolence. Li--a sense of propriety, courtesy, respect, deference to elders Xiao--filial piety, familial obligation Cultivate personal morality and junzi for bringing order to China
Who was the spokesman for confucian school? Mencius (372-289 B.C.E).
What did Mencius believe in? Believed in the goodness of human nature (ren)and advocated government by benevolence and humanity.
Who was Xunzi? (289-238) he had a less positive view of human nature, he prefered harsh discipline and believed people were selfish, he advocated moral education and good public behavior.
What did Daoism feature? featured prominent critics Confucian activism.
Who was the founder of Daosim? Laozi,
What is the Dao? the way of nature, the way of the cosmos
What is elusive concept? an eternal principle governing all the workings of the world
How did the Dao help? Dao is passive and yielding, does nothing yet accomplishes everything
What was expected for people to do? Humans should tailor their behavior to the passive and yielding nature of the Dao
What had brought the world to chaos? Ambition and activism had only brought the world to chaos
What is the doctrine of Wuwei? disengagement from worldly affairs, simple life Advocated small, self-sufficient communities
How did political implications serve as? served as counterbalance to Confucian activism
Who was Shang Yang? Shang Yang (ca. 390-338 B.C.E.), chief minister of Qin and Legalist writer
Who was Hang Feizi? Han Feizi (ca. 280-233 B.C.E.) synthesized Legalist ideas in essays
Created by: cynthia3102