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chapter 8

Unification of China

QuestionAnswer
Educator and political advisor who concentrated on formation of junzi--"superior individuals" and was fundamentally moral and ethical in character. Confucius
What was Ren? A sense of humanity, kindness and benevolence.
What was Li? A sense of propriety, courtesy, respect, deference to elders.
What was Xiao? Filial piety, familial obligation.
Who was Mencius? A spokesman for the Confucian school who believed in the goodness of human nature (ren).
Who was Xunzi ? Believed that humans selfishly pursue own interests. Preferred harsh social discipline to bring order to society.
Who was Laozi? The founder of Daoism.
(ca. 390-338 B.C.E.), chief minister of Qin and Legalist writer Shang Yang
(ca. 280-233 B.C.E.) synthesized Legalist ideas in essays Legalist doctrine Han Feizi
Who was Qin Shihuangdi? The first emperor of the Qin dynasty who established centralized imperial rule and had the project of connecting and extending the Great Wall.
Who was Han Wudi? The Martial Emperor (reigned 141-87 B.C.E.), emphasized centralization and expansion.
What dynasty built an enormous bureaucracy to rule the empire, continued to build roads and canals, levied taxes on agriculture, trade, and craft industries and imperial monopolies on production of iron and salt? Han dynasty
What material was used to replace paper? Silk and bamboo as writing material.
What happened after the Han empire dissolved? China was divided into regional kingdoms.
Created by: ursus3102