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Unit 1 SS

Unit Test Thursday 10/15

What was the Ice Age? People during Old Stone Age lived through Ice Age, which was a period of time when the earth was much colder due to glaciers
What were Glaciers? Huge sheets of ice covered much of the earth ( which is why it was called the Ice Age)
What were the people during Old Stone Age called? Nomads Hunters & Gatherers
Who were the Nomads? People who travel from place to place in search of food without a permanent shelter ; They followed animal migrations and traveled in clans
Who were Hunters? Men; Hunted all sizes and types of animals
Who were Gatherers? Woman and children; Gathered fruits, berries, grains, herbs
What was Trial and Error? Method used to determine what was poisonous and what was safe when looking for food. Once determined, teach kids and communicate what they can and cannot eat
What was Flint? The stone they used to make tools; this was done by flaking and chipping
What was the Hand Axe used for? This was an important tool made by a flint and was used to cut the meat off bones- and to get marrow
What were Cave Paintings? They had believed to have been on the cave walls and they were very symbolic
Why were these paintings symbolic? Proved that humans were capable of abstract thought representing something that is not actually there
What was the purpose of cave paintings? They believed to have religious purpose and capture animal spirit and gain power over the animal; it also was a migration marker
What did people of Old Stone Age NOT DO? Grow crops Build permanent shelters Domesticate animals
What did people of the New Stone Age DO? Grow crops Build permanent shelters Domesticate animals
How does the climate change during the new stone age? Earth got warmer and glaciers melted and there was more fertile land available Longer growing season allowed for more plants, more food, more people
What is surplus? Having more than is needed ** EXTRA
What are two major developments that occur that change the world forever? Domestication and cultivation
What is domestication? The taming of animals
What is cultivation? Preparing and using land to grow crops
Why did Villages begin to settle along the water? Good for cultivation of crops, drinking, food source, cleaning
What is a civilization? A society with a social structure, government, education, specialization
How were permanent shelters established? Any available resources were used such as sticks, woods, mud, sod
What is specialization? Having special skills and training to do a specific job
Why are specializations important? -They help make up a village and gives people a purpose
What was Catal Hujuk known for? Oldest known city and Center for Trade
Why was it a rooftop city? Entrance on the roof--had to use ladder to get in Protected from animals
geography study of earth
hemisphere half of the earth
cardinal directions 4 basic directions
intermediate directions in between cardinal directions
symbols represents items found on a map
map key explains what each symbol means ( also known as legend)
scale tells us the ratio between a distance in real life and the distance on the map
physical map shows physical features
political map shows borders of states, countries, capitals
historical map shows historical events, locations, territories
distribution map how something spread out or distributed
climate description of weather patterns over a long period of time
precipitation moisture that falls to the earth
temperature exact number, weather outside in degrees
altitude elevation above sea level
currents rovers of warm water from tropical climates flow to other areas
north atlantic drift warm ocean current which makes western Europe have a mild climate for its latitude
what climate zone do we live in? temperate zone
Difference between climate and temperature climate is the weather over a long period of time where the temperature is the exact degrees at any give time
renewable resources resources that regrow and replace themselves
non renewable resources a resource that can not regrew, reproduce, or replace itself
natural resouces something useful to humans found in nature
minerals natural resources often obtained by digging and mining
biodegradable able to be broken down into soil by natural means
What does BC stand for? Before Christ
What does AD stand for? Anno Domini
What does BCE stand for? Before Common Era
What does Anno Domini mean? Year of god
Created by: MsRegan