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Chapter 5


Yao 1. a king who was respectful, modest, sincere 2. his influence brought harmony to his family and a larger society
Shun 1. laid foundations of Chinese society 2. his work was to order the four seasons of the year
Yu 1. one of the 3 people that laid foundations of Chinese society 2. rescued China from a flooding Yellow river 3. he made dug canals parallel, so that the waters flow back to the sea 4. he became a hero to the people
Xia 1. first ruling house in Ancient China 2. brought authority and laid political foundation for the society 3. established hereditary monarchical rule
Shang 1. was a dynasty that brought authority and laid political foundation for the society 2. it was a historical dynasties 3. left written records and material remains
Zhou 1. recognized as a historical ruling house 2. articulate a set of principles that made think about the government and political legitimacy 3. Zhou kings weren't able to control the production of bronze
Chu 1. a powerful state 2. governed its affairs autonomously 3. adopted Chinese political, Chinese writing, and build societies close to the Yellow river valley
"Mandate of Heaven" 1. heavenly powers granted the right to govern 2. the ruler was used as a link between heaven and earth 3. they had to maintain order and harmony in his realm
legitimacy 1. Chinese started thinking about political authority 2. the politics were on assumptions of earthly events
Conspicuous 1.the ruling elites conspicuous consumption of bronze, set them apart from less privileged classes 2. the Shang royal family were standing out consumers when bronze was extremely expensive
Mariners 1. they discovered how to navigate their vessels by the stars and other heavenly bodies
Scribes 1. they kept written accounts of important events on stripes of bamboo 2. it is a possibility that they used written symbols to keep simple records during th e Xia times
Secular 1.things that don't have any religious or spiritual meaning
Yangzi river 1. the villagers depended on rice as the staple item in their diet 2. agricultural population expanded because of the two rivers 3. the Yangzi river didn't give devastating floods like the Yellow river
Yellow river 1. the river gave devastating floods 2. it was possible to cultivate rice and millet 3. the river was boisterous and unpredictable
Xia Politics 1. they had monarchial rule 2.each village had their own individual controlling leaders
Xia Interactions 1.lots of flooding 2. had loess soil (powder like soil)
Xia Religions
Xia Art 1. pottery workshops 2. palace-like structures 3. bronze foundry
Xia Technology 1.development of metallurgy 2. the had flood controls 3.bronze tools and weapons were limited
Xia Economy
Xia Society 1. veneration of ancestors 2.rulers and their family were the highest class 3. large class of peasant and sizable class of slaves
Shang Politics 1. used other region's agricultural to support their military 2. they had an abundant military force 3. extended their rule to northeastern China
Shang Interactions 1. they had a surplus of agricultural
Shang Religions 1. when kings are dead they put them in large and lavishing tombs 2. they would put sacrificed victims ( animals & humans) inside the tomb
Shang Art 1. the capital is important to social, economic, and was an cultural center 2.they had carvings of jade and ivory, cowry shells
Shang Technology 1. horse drawn chariots 2. controlled access to copper 3. bronze weapons went straight to Shang's army 4.writing was used more during Shang
Shang Economy 1. they had surplus in agricultural
Shang Society 1. large class of me peasants 2. organized public life 3. highest class were rulers and their family 4. veneration of ancestors
Zhou Politics 1. eventually allied with the Shang 2.arranged marriages 3.entrusted power and authority
Zhou Interactions 1. agricultural
Zhou Religions 1. overthrew last Shang's king 2. justified with mandate of heaven
Zhou Art
Zhou Technology 1.textbooks with writing of high authority 2. iron metallurgy 3. made The Book Of Songs
Zhou Economy 1.delivered taxes and tribute for a major part of Zhou finances
Zhou Society 1. highest class was the rulers and their families 2.large class or semi peasants 3. sizable class of slaves 4. veneration of ancestors
5000-3000 B.C.E Yangshao society
2200-1766 B.C.E Xia dynasty
1766-1122 B.C.E Shang dynasty
1122-256 B.C.E Zhou dynasty
403-221 B.C.E Period of the Warning States
Who were the three main kings? 1. Xia 2. Shang 3.Zhou
How did the Yellow River earned its nickname "China's Sorrow" ? 1. its frequent floods were very destructive to agricultural society.
During the early dynasties, Chinese diviners used oracle bones ? 1. to record manuals of etiquette
From Shang times until today, Chinese writing is primarily ? 1. untranslated
The state of Chu? 1. conquered the Zhou, ending the dynasty
The nomadic peoples to the north and west of China did not imitate Chinese ways because? 1. they had little exposure to Chinese society.
During the Zhou dynasty, China expanded into the Yangzi River valley primarily through? 1. military conquest and colonization
In Yangshao society (5000-3000 B.C.E.), the people? 1. formed the first dynasty in Chinese history
The Shang rulers monopolized bronze technology for the purpose of? 1. making superior weapons against potential competitors
Created by: kassandra2019