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Types of Government

TermDefinition
constitution A formal plan of government
autocracy any form of government in which one person has absolute power
dictatorship A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
direct democracy A system of government in which political decisions are made by the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives; probably attained most easily in small political communities.
representative democracy citizens elect representatives to act on their behalf, also known as a republic
oligarchy a government ruled by a few powerful people, the majority of the people have no say in the government
junta an oligarchy in which a military group rules a country after seizing power
theocracy a government in which God is the ultimate authority, laws are based on the religious beliefs of the state
Monarchy A form of government in which there is one supreme authority. Power is usually inherited. In modern times powers can vary. There may be one authoritarian monarch or there my be a royal figure head with little influence in governmental proceedings.
sovereign Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
anarchy Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Federal Government A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Revolutionary Government A government that came to power by overthrowing the previous government
totalitarian Government control over every aspect of public and private life
communism a government ruled by one political party that owns all means of production, citizens to not have rights to private ownership
Feudalism a political system ruled by a monarch and based on social class, nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the serfs that work the land
authoritarian A government in which citizens have no rights and must obey the authority or risk punishment
Republic A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws, also known as representative democracy