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Respiratory system

Pathology, diagnostic and clinical

Listening of sounds produced within the body auscultation
Tapping of surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying surface percussion
Grating sound produced by motion of pleural surfaces against each other. Also called as friction rib Pleural rib
Abnormal crackling sounds heard during inspiration when there is fluid,blood or pus in the alveoli rales(crackles)
Material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throad sputum or phelgm or expectoration
A highly strained, high-pitched, noisy sound made on inspiration stridor
musical sounds usually on expiration wheezes
croup barking cough
acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants that is marked by obstruction of larynx, barking cough and stridor croup
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by diphtheria bacteria(Corynebacterium. diphtheria
epistaxis nose bleed
Bacteial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis. Also known as whooping cough pertussis
bacteria causing pertussis; whooping cough Bordetella pertussis
produced by bacteria bordetella pertussis causing the condition pertussis thru which pharynx, larynx and trachea is infected. whooping cough
spasm or narrowing of bronchus or bronchi which leads to the obstrution of bronchial airway passage asthma
chronic dilation of bronchus or bronchi bronchiestasis
cancerous tumors arising from the bronchus; lung cancer bronchogenic carcinoma
bronchogenic cancer; cancerous tumors arising from bronchus lung cancer
inflammation of the bronchi persists for a long time; characterized by increasing secretion from the bronchial mucosa and obstruction of the respiratory passages chronic bronchitis
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;chronical bronchitis,lung cancer emphysema COPD
diseases such as chronic bronchitis, lung cancer and emphysema collectively known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
inherited disease of exocrine glands(pancreas, sweat glands and mucous membtanes of the respiratory tract) that leads to airway obstruction cystic fibrosis
incomplete expansion of alveoli; collapsed functionless, airless lung or porions of lund atelectasis
hyperinflation of airsacs with destruction of alveolar walls emphysema
abnormal condition caused by dust in lungs with chronic inflammation infection and bronchitis pneumoconiasis
abnormal condition caused by coal dust in lungs with chronic inflammation infection and bronchitis anthracosis
abnormal condition caused by glass dust in lungs with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis silicosis
abnormal condition caused by sugar dust in the lungs with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis bagassosis
abnormal condition caused by stone dust(quarry) in the lungs with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis chaliosis
anthracosis black lung disease
silicosis grinder's disease
abnormal condition caused by glass dust in lungs with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis silicosis
acute inflammation of the alveoli which fills with pus or products of inflammatory reaction pneumonia
A large collection of pus(bacterial infection) in the lungs pulmonary abcess / emphyema / pyothorax
Swelling and fluid in airsacs and bronchioles pulmonary edema
clot(thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung pulmonary embolism
inflammatory disease in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes or other organs. sarcoidosis
an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis tuberculosis
drugs for tuberculosis isoniazid; rifampin
tuberculosis Pot's disease
escape of fluid into pleural cavity pleural effusion
fluid high in protein that oozes from blood and wounds exudates
fluid that has passed through a membrance or tissue transudates
inflammation of the pleura pleurisy or pleuritis
accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity pneumothorax
a large collection of pus(bacterial infection) in the lungs pyothorax
removal of larynx laryngectomy
lack of sensation of smell anosmia
pertaining to diaphragm phrenic
pertaining to air sacs alveolar
region which divides into trachea and esophagus glottis
narrowing of trachea tracheal stenosis
excess carbon dioxide in the blood capnia
breathing is possible only in the upright position orthopnea
difficulty in breathing dyspnea
condition of bluishness in the skin cyanosis
spitting up blood hemoptysis
deficiency of oxygen in the blood hypoxic
hoarseness; voice impairment dysphonia
blood in the pleural activity hemothorax
harsh rales rhonchi
water in the pleural cavity hydrothorax
death of lung tissue due to block pulmonary infarction
overgrowth of adenoids adenoid hypertrophy
pain in the membrane covering the lungs pleurodynia
sputum; material expelled from the chest through coughing or clearing the throat expectoration
rapid or fast breathing tachypnea/hyperpnea
Created by: ramesh_fashion