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First Chinese Empire

JAHKMLHS--C6 The First Chinese Empires

TermDefinition
Confucianism- the system of ethics, education, and statesmanship recorded in the Analects stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct
Dao philosophy that says everything should be balanced; avoid excess and appreciate the balance of opposites; yin and yang
Daoism philosophical system developed by of Laozi advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Laozi Chinese Daoist philosopher who taught, “The Universe is sacred. You cannot change it. If you try to change it, you will ruin it. If you try to hold it, you will lose it.
philosophy organized system of thought, from the Greek for “love of wisdom”
Tao Te Ching short work that discusses the chief ideas of Daoism
Legalism philosophy which proposes that human beings are evil by nature and can be brought to the correct path by harsh laws
Qin Shihuangdi first Chinese emperor
Terra Cotta Soldiers Qin Shihuangdi’s imperial guard to accompany him on his journey to the next world
regime the government in power
Great Wall Chinese defensive fortification intended to keep out nomadic invaders; began during the reign of Shi Huangdi
Xiongnu nomadic people who lived south of the Gobi and challenged Chinese communities near the northern frontier of the Qin empire
Censorate one of the three divisions of Qin dynasty bureaucracy which made sure that government officials were doing their jobs
Liu Pang peasant founder of the Han dynasty
Han Wudi added the southern regions below the Chang Jiang into the empire
Ban Gu one of China’s most noteworthy historians; His Han shu (translated as The History of the Former Han Dynasty) became the model most frequently used by later Chinese historians
Martial suited for war or a warrior
Civil Service administrative service of a government in which appointments are determined by competitive competition
Created by: jim.haferman