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Chapter 4

Pirates Chart, Vocabulary, and Chronology

Where was the Harappan Society located at? Indus River valley
What were two main cities? Harappa and Mohenjo-daro
What was their type of political system? No evidence
What did each city have? Citadel and a large granary
What did ecological degradation lead to? Subsistence crisis
What did religious beliefs strongly emphasize? Fertility
What did they cultivate in the Indus River valley? Wheat
What did the Aryans depend on? Pastoral economy
What type of language did they have? Sacred language (Sanskrit) and daily-use language (Prakit)
What were the four main varnas? brahmins (priests), kshatriyas (warriors and aristocrats), vaishyas (cultivators, artisans, and merchants), shudras (landless peasants and serfs)
What were the rules of the jati life? eating, communication, and behavior
What type of society did they have? Patriarchal and patrilineal society
What were the gods that Aryans had? War god, gods of the sun, the sky, the moon, fire, health, disease god Varuna
What were the duties for women? To bear children and household
What type of society did the Dravidians have? Vedic Society
What was their language? Dravidian language
Where in India were they located at? Southern India
What Dravidian were adapted? Notions of transmigration and reincarnation
What was the purpose of Brahman? The foundation of all wisdom
What did the Upanishads advocate? Honesty, self-control, charity, and mercy
What did they teach? Respect for all living things
What is Definition of citadel? a fortress that commands a city and is used in the control of the inhabitants and in defense during attack or siege
What is Definition of Harappa? of or relating to Harappa, especially the Bronze Age culture of the Indus valley civilization
What is Definition of venerated? to regard or treat with reverence
What is Definition of pantheon? a temple dedicated to all the gods
What is Definition of Aryans? a member or descendant of the prehistoric people who spoke Indo-European
What is Definition of rig veda? one of the Vedas, a collection of 1028 hymns, dating from not later than the second millennium b.c.
What is Definition of Indra? the chief of the Vedic gods, the god of rain and thunder
What is Definition of raja? a king or prince in India.
What is Definition of caste systems? the rigid Hindu system of hereditary social distinctions based on castes
What is Definition of Varnas? class
What is Definition of Brahmins? a person who is intellectually or socially aloof.
What is Definition of Kshatriyas? a member of the Hindu royal and warrior class above the Vaisyas and below the Brahmans.
What is Definition of Vaishyas? a member of the third of the four Hindu castes, comprising the merchants and farmers
What is Definition of Shudras? a member of the worker caste, lowest of the four Hindu castes.
What is Definition of "Law book of Manu"? guidelines formed based on Hindu beliefs
What is Definition of Brahman? a member of the worker caste, lowest of the four Hindu castes.
What is Definition of doctrine? a particular principle, position, or policy taught or advocated, as of a religion or government
What is Definition of karma? action, seen as bringing upon oneself inevitable results, good or bad, either in this life or in a reincarnation
What is Definition of Dravidian? a family of languages, wholly distinct from Indo-European, spoken mostly in southern India and Sri Lanka and including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, and, in Pakistan, Brahui
What happened in 3000 B.C.E. Neolithic villages in Indus River valley
What happened in 3000 B.C.E. The complex society of Dravidians
What happened in 5000 B.C.E. Cultivated cotton
What happened in 1900 B.C.E. Harappan society declined
What happened in 1700 B.C.E. Population began to abandon their cities
What happened in 1500 B.C.E. Almost entirely collapsed
What happened in 1500 B.C.E. - 500 B.C.E The Vedic age
What happened in 500 B.C.E. Aryan Migrations in India
What happened in 1000 B.C.E. Four main Varnas
What happened in Sixth Century B.C.E. Represented more elaborate scheme of social classification
Created by: axelnavarro2019