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Ch.7 Vocab

Tier 3 Vocabulary Words

TermDefinition
Achaemenids The Persian empire founded by cyrus the great. Became the largest empire in ancient history.
Medes A member of an Iranian people who inhabited ancient Media, establishing an extensive empire during the 7th century BC, which was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 550 BC.
Pasargadae An ancient ruined city in S Iran, NE of Persepolis: an early capital of ancient Persia; tomb of Cyrus the Great.
Cambyses Cambyses II son of Cyrus the Great, was King of Kings of Persia. Cambyses' grandfather was Cambyses I, king of Anshan.
Darius Darius I was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Also called Darius the Great, he ruled the empire at its peak, when it included much of West Asia, the Caucasus, parts of the Balkans.
Satrapies A province that is governed by a satrap.
Battle of Marathon A battle that took place in 490 b.c during the first Persian invasion of Greece.
Seleucids A member of the Seleucid dynasty, which ruled from 312 BC to 63 BC.
Parthians Major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran.
Mithradates King of Pontus and Armenia Minor in Northeast Anatolia from about 120-63 BC.
Sasanids A member of Sassanian dynasty.
Ahura The Avestan name for the creator and sole God of Zoroastrianism, old Iranian religion predating Islam.
Magi A member of a priestly caste of ancient Persia.
Avesta The sacred writings of Zoroastrianism, compiled in the fourth century AD.
Gathas Any of seventeen poems attributed to Zoroaster that are the most ancient texts of the Avesta.
Created by: ursus3102