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vocabulary chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
citadel a fortress, typically on high ground, protecting or dominating a city.
Harappan he Bronze Age culture of the Indus valley civilization.
venerated to regard or treat with reverence; revere.
pantheon a public building containing tombs or memorials of the illustrious dead of a nation.
Aryans Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between 1500 and 1000 BC
Rig Veda first Vedas scripture, deals with spirituality, science, etc
Indra Hinduism. the chief of the Vedic gods, the god of rain and thunder.
Raja title given to an Indian prince or king
Caste system the rigid Hindu system of hereditary social distinctions based on castes.
Varnas Hinduism. class
Brahmins first level of Varna, priest class of Indian society
kshatriyas second level of Varna, warrior class of Indian society
vaishyas third level of Varna, merchant class of Indian society
shudras a Hindu of the lowest caste, that of the workers.
"Law Book of Manu" guidelines formed based on Hindu beliefs : set of laws to bring order, first ones to be based on religion
brahman the Universal spirit of which we are all made
doctrine a body or system of teachings relating to a particular subject
karma idea that a person's actions determined their incarnation
dravidian a settled, well-organized people who built cities in India
Created by: natalya2019