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Chapter 4


The Harappan society could have been centers of what? Political and economic centers.
Where was the Harappan society developed? In a valley of the Indus River.
Who did the Aryan people mixed and mingled with? The Dravidians.
Where and when did the Dravidian people build their cities? Early India.
Who was the chief deity of the Aryans? Indra.
On what type of economy did the Aryans rely on? They relied on a pastoral economy.
During what period of time was the Indian subcontinent a site of turmoil? From 1500 BCE to 1000 BCE.
Why was the Harappan civilization's first years so mysterious? Because of flooding.
What was a major system the Harappan civilization developed? A sewage system.
With what two words could you summarize the Harappan economy? Trade and travel.
Who did the Aryans have a connection with? The Dravidians.
What other city looked like the Dravidians'? The Harappan.
What were the innovations of the Dravidians? Nonexistent.
Summarize the Dravidian economy with two words. Trade and agriculture.
Summarize the main political system of the Aryans. Tribe.
What were the innovations of the Aryans? Nonexistent again.
Summarize the Aryan economy with one word. Trade.
Social class of the Aryans? Caste system.
Basic explanation of karma. The sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
Basic explanation of varna. Each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra.
Basic explanation of moksha. Release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma.
Basic explanation of samara. The cycle of death and rebirth to which life in the material world is bound.
Basic explanation of sati. The former Hindu practice of a widow throwing herself onto her husband's funeral pyre.
Basic explanation of jati. A Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter)
Basic definition of rajah. An Indian king or prince.
Basic definition of tenements. A room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments.
Beginning of agriculture in south Asia? 8000-7000 BCE.
High point of Harappan society? 2500-2000 BCE.
Beginning of Harappan decline? 1900 BCE.
Beginning of Aryan migration to India? 1500 BCE.
Vedic Age? 1500-500 BCE.
Composition of the Rig Veda? 1400-900 BCE.
Early Aryan migrations into the Ganges River valley? 1000 BCE.
Emergence of varna distinctions? 1000 BCE.
Formation of regional kingdoms in northern India? 1000-500 BCE.
Composition of the principal Upanishads? 800-400 BCE.
Establishment of first Aryan cities in the Ganges valley? 750 BCE.
Early Aryan migrations to the Deccan Plateau? 500 BCE.
Created by: eduardonog2019