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chapter 4 study card

Harappans , Aryans & Dravidians

Harappan Political no evidence has been found about their political system
Harappan interaction with environment -cultivated cotton -
Harappan Religion no evidence
Harappan Art and Architecture -Broad streets, marketplaces, temples, public buildings -Standardized weights, measures, architectural styles, and brick sizes
Harappan Technology no evidence
Harappan Economy -Rich deposits but less predictable than the Nile
Harappan Society -natural catastrophes such as floods or earthquakes -Population began to abandon their cities by about 1700 B.C.E. -Ecological degradation led to a subsistence crisis -Religious beliefs strongly emphasized fertility
Aryans Political -The Lawbook of Manu -clan
Aryans Interaction with environment no evidence
Aryans Religion -gods -Ritual sacrifices were more important than ethics -believed in Karma -Moksha -Brahman
Aryans Art and Architecture no evidence
Aryans Technology -Used iron tools and developed agriculture -domesticated cattle -advanced weapons
Aryans Economy -Depended heavily on a pastoral economy
Aryans Society -caste system -had a relationship with dravidians
Dravidians Political -one leader
Dravidians Interaction with environment no evidence
Dravidians Religion -unknown
Dravidians Art and Architecture no evidence
Dravidians Technology no evidence
Dravidians Economy no evidence
Dravidians Society -no social classes
What were the 2 main cities that the Harappans used for agriculture? Harappa and Mohenjo-daro
Why was there no evidence on Harappan political type? civilization was flooded, no remains of their society
What was the name of the river where the Harappans were established? indus river
What were the Harappans inventions? Toilets and a sewage system
What were the benefits of Harappan society? Trade and Travel
What were the benefits of the Dravidian society? Trade and Agriculture
Beginnings of agriculture in south Asia 8000–7000 B.C.E.
High point of Harappan society 2500–2000 B.C.E.
Beginning of Harappan decline 1900 B.C.E.
Beginning of Aryan migration to India 1500 B.C.E.
Vedic age 1500–500 B.C.E.
Composition of the Rig Veda 1400–900 B.C.E.
Early Aryan migrations into the Ganges River valley 1000 B.C.E.
Emergence of varna distinctions 1000 B.C.E.
Formation of regional kingdoms in northern India 1000–500 B.C.E.
Composition of the principal Upanishads 800–400 B.C.E.
Establishment of first Aryan cities in the Ganges valley 750 B.C.E.
Early Aryan migrations to the Deccan Plateau 500 B.C.E
Created by: natalya2019