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Chapter 4

Study stack on the events, vocabulary, and details of early south China.

Political Harappa: Harappa Society and which other city were major cites? Mohenjo-Daro was the other major city at that time.
Political Harappa: What do we know about Harappa's political system? There is no evidence of a political system.
Geography Harappa: How long have the Harappa people been cultivating cotton? They have cultivated cotton since before 5000 BCE.
Geography Harappa: Egypt had the Nile; Harappa had ____. Harappa had the Indus river.
Society Harappa: When did population begin to abandon their cities? 1700 BCE
Society Harappa: What caused a subsistence crisis? (2 possibilities) 1) ecological degradation 2) natural catastrophes (flood, earthquake, etc.)
Religion Harappa: What is something important to their religion? They emphasized beliefs strongly on fertility.
Architecture Harappa: What did each city have? A fortified citadel and a a large granary.
Architecture Harappa: Architectural techniques? Standardized weights, measures, architectural styles, and brick sizes?
Architecture Harappa: Architectural examples? Broad streets, market places, temples, and public buildings.
Technology Harappa: What do we know about the writing system? Little is known because not much of it has been translated.
Economy Harappa: What is know about their economy? They had marketplaces.
Society Dravidian: Start of this complex society? 3,000BCE
Religion Dravidian: About 800 BCE, What Dravidian thoughts were adapted? Transmigration and reincarnation were adapted.
Political Dravidian: Any information? no :-(
Geography Dravidian: Any information? no :-/
Architecture/art Dravidian: Some sort of information? Negative :-|
Technology Dravidian: Data of any kind. unfortunately... DX
Dravidian Economy: Info? none (•–•)
Political Aryan: What sort of civilization were they in at first? They were in chiefdoms.
Political Aryan: What was the leader of the chiefdom called? They were called "raja".
Political Aryan: When did regional kingdoms come up? 500BCE
Political Aryan: Explain "THE LAWBOOK OF MANU". The Law Book of Manu -made in first century BCE by an anonymous sage. •talked about moral behavior and social relationships. •Men treat woman with respect and honor. •Woman follow the guidance of men •Woman stay at home bearing children.
Geography Aryan: Around 500 BCE they ___. *developed agriculture
Religion Aryan: Name of War god? Indra.
Religion Aryan: Name of ethical and cosmic god? Varuna.
Religion Aryan: Examples of other gods? Gods of sun, sky, moon, disease, fire, and health.
Religion: Aryan: They believed in sacrificing and....... They didn't care about it being ethical.
Architecture/art Aryan: Info? nope....
Technology Aryan: Forms of writing, language, or communication. •no writing system •Vedas (orally transmitted) •Sanskrit (sacred language) •Prakit (daily language)
Technology Aryan: Did they use iron tools? yes
Economy Aryan: what type economy did they have. They had a pastoral economy.
Society Aryan: List the Varnas Brahmins (priest) Kshatriyas (Warriors and aristocrats) Vaishyas (artisan, merchant, culTivators) Shudras (landless, peasant, serfs_
Society Aryan: Types of social classes Caste: hereditary social classes Varna: Social class
Social Aryan: They were in conflict with the indigenous. What did they call them? Dasas (enemies)
identity word- citadel any strongly fortified place; stronghold.
tier 3- Harappan of or relating to Harappa, especially the Bronze Age culture of the Indus valley civilization.
tier 2- venerated to regard or treat with reverence; revere.
tier 3- pantheon the place of the heroes or idols of any group, individual, movement, party, etc., or the heroes or idols themselves:
tier 3- aryans a member or descendant of the prehistoric people who spoke Indo-European.
tier 3- Rig Veda one of the Vedas, a collection of 1028 hymns, dating from not later than the second millennium b.c.
tier 3- Caste an endogamous and hereditary social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, etc., and having mores distinguishing it from other such groups.
Tier 3- Varnas Sanskrit varna literally, cover, color, hence sort, class
Tier 3- brahmins priest varna
tier 3- kshatriyas warrior/aristocrat varna
tier 3- Vaishyas merchant/ artisan/ cultivator varna
tier 3-shudras peasant/ serf/ landless varna
tier 3- Law book of Manu the Laws of Manu is both a legal and a religious text that elaborates on the basic Hindu tenets while providing a window into the religion, culture, and society of ancient India
tier 3- brahman Also, Brahmin. a member of the highest, or priestly, class among the Hindus.
tier 2- doctrine a particular principle, position, or policy taught or advocated, as of a religion or government:
tier 3- Karma action, seen as bringing upon oneself inevitable results, good or bad, either in this life or in a reincarnation: in Hinduism one of the means of reaching Brahman.
tier 3- Dravidian a member of the aboriginal population occupying much of southern India and parts of Sri Lanka.
What happened??? 8000-7000BCE Beginnings of Agriculture in south Asia
What happened??? 2500-2000BCE High point of Harappan society
What happened??? 1900BCE beginning of Harappan decline.
What happened??? 1500 BCE Aryan migration to India
What happened??? 1500-500BCE Vedic Age
What happened??? 1400-900BCE Rig Veda
What happened??? 1000BCE Aryan migrated to Ganges River Valley
What happened??? 1000BCE varna is needed
What happened??? 1000-500BCE regional kingdoms in northern india
What happened??? 800-400BCE principal Upanishads
What happened??? 750BCE first Aryan cities in the Ganges Valley
What happened??? 500BCE Aryan migrations to Deccan Plateau
Created by: john3202