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Early Humans

An Early Humans study guide for Reach.

TermDefinition
Archaeology The study of objects to learn about past human life
Artifact An object made by people
Excavation The action of excavating something, especially and archaeological site. Remove the earth carefully and systematically from (an area) in order to find buried remains
Stone Age The first known period of prehistoric human culture characterized by the use of stone tools
Paleolithic Relating to the earliest period of the Stone Age (longest time ago)
Mesolithic f or relating to the cultural period of the Stone Age between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods.This period had microlithic tools and weapons and changes of settlement.
Nomads People who move from place to place as a group to find food.
Hunters and Gatherers A hunter-gatherer or early human society is one in which most or all food is obtained from wild plants and animals, in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Diffusion Sharing, mixing cultures with each other, the spreading of something more widely.
Ice Age A time where ice covered much of the land
Neolithic Relating to the latest period of the stone age (shortest time ago)
Systemic Agriculture The organized growing of food on a regular schedule
Fertile (of soil or land) producing or capable of producing abundant vegetation or crops.
Surplus An amount that is left over after a need has been met
Civilization Society that has cities,a central government,and whose workers specialize in jobs
Shrine A place where people worship
Specialization The act of training for a particular job
Artisan Skilled workers
Bronze Age The period in ancient human culture when people began to make and use bronze
Monarchy Rule by a king or queen
BCE Before common era
CE Common era
Prehistory The period of time before written records
Created by: jmartinez2