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LD AP World II Ch 17

LD AP World II Chapter 17 - Terms

TermDefinition
Columbian Exchange The exchange of plants, animals, diseases and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Bartolomé de Las Casas First bishop of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Devoted most of his life to protecting Amerindian peoples from exploitation. Major achievement was the New Laws of 1542 (limited the ability of Spanish settlers to compel Amerindians to labor for them.)
Potosi Located in Bolivia, one of the richest silver mining centers and most populous cities in colonial Spanish America.
Encomienda A grant of authority over a population of Amerindians in the Spanish colonies. Provided the grant holder with a supply of cheap labor and periodic payments of goods by the Amerindians. It obliged the grant holder to Christianize the Amerindians.
Creoles In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of European descent born in the New World. Elsewhere in the Americas, the term is used to describe all non-native peoples.
Mestizo Used by Spanish Authorities to describe someone of mixed Amerindian & European descent.
Mulatto Used in Spanish & Portuguese colonies to describe someone of mixed African & European descent.
Indentured servant A migrant to British colonies in the americas who paid for passage by agreeing to work for a set term ranging from four to seven years.
House of Burgesses Elected assembly in colonial Virginia, created in 1618
Pilgrims Group of English Protestants dissenters who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts in 1620 to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
Puritans English Protestant dissenters who believed that God predestined should to heaven or hell before birth. Founded the Massachusetts bay Colony in 1629.
Iroquois Confederacy An alliance of 5 northeastern Amerindian peoples that made decisions on military & diplomatic issues through council of representatives. Allied 1st w/ the Dutch & later with the English, the Confederacy dominated the area from western NE to Great Lakes.
New France French colony in North American, with a capital in Quebec founded in 1608. New France fell to the British in 1760.
Coureurs de bois French fur traders, many of mixed Amerindian heritage, who loved among and often married with Amerindian people of North America.
Tupac Amaru II
Created by: desilva13