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Unit 1

Geography, Historical Researchers, Early Humans, and Mesopotamia

QuestionAnswer
What advantages did farming give to the Neolithic people? 1. Stable Food Supply 2. Allowed for the birth of civilizations 3. Allowed for the specialization of jobs (people could do other jobs instead of farming).
How did the PALEOLITHIC people get their food? They hunted animals and gathered plants.
How did the NEOLITHIC people get their food? They practiced the invention of agriculture.
Where did the PALEOLITHIC people live?` They lived with small groups in caves.
Where did the NEOLITHIC people live? They lived in communities in hand built-houses.
What job(s) did the PALEOLITHIC people have? Their main job was to hunt and gather enough food to survive.
What job(s) did the NEOLITHIC people have? Since there was a surplus of farming, not everyone had to be a farmer in order to get their food. Therefore, people were able to have specialized jobs that differed from farming.
Define Mesopotamia The land between two rivers.
What are the names of the two rivers that surround the land of Mesopotamia? The Tigris River and Euphrates River
Why was the "Fertile Crescent" a good place to live? The land in this area was surrounded by rivers which provided the soil with nutrients to grow crops.
Why did Sumerians build an irrigation system? To get water from the river to their agricultural fields.
Why did Sumerians work together? They worked together to make sure the irrigation systems did not clog with silt and worked properly.
Why did the Sumerians fight each other? They fought over the right to use more water.
Why did the Sumerians build walls? In order to protect their village from attackers.
Why did the Sumerians live in city-states? They lived in city-states in order to establish a successful civilization.
What are the seven characteristics of a civilization? 1. A Stable Food Supply 2. Social Structure 3. Government 4. Religion 5. Culture 6. Technology 7. Language
How did the invention of the wheel help the Sumerians? The wheel allowed the Sumerians to transport themselves and their belongs farther distances at a faster rate.
What form of writing did the Sumerians create? Cuneiform
What unified the Sumerians? Religion
Why is unification of civilizations necessary? To bring the community together over a shared interest.
Who was Hammurabi? He was the King of Babylon who created a set of laws known as Hammurabi's Code.
Why was Hammurabi's Code important to the city-state of Babylon? It was the first set of laws that were made public and applied to everyone.
What caused the fall of Mesopotamia? Attacks by outside invaders.
What was the main cause of war between the Mesopotamian city-states? Disputes over land and water.
Define Historian A person who investigates and records the past.
Define Archaeologist A person who studies artifacts from the past.
Define Geographer A person who maps the past.
Created by: Mr. Reifer