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Chapter 1 Test

vocab words and people for chapter 1

absolute location address, longitude, latitude
relative location where a place is near
GIS geographic information system
cartography science of map making
Eratosthenes first recorded person to use the word geography
Ptolomy wrote the guide to geography
Phei Hsiu "father of Chinese cartography"
Ibn-Battutah wrote Rihlah meaning Travels. Spent 3 decades mapping 75,000 miles of the Muslim World
scale ratios of size on a map
projection 3d earth onto map
distortion imperfections of a projection
3 types of distortions shape, relative size, distance
site physical characteristic of a place
toponym name given to a place on earth
possibilism ability to alter environment
situation relative location
mathmatical location absolute location
longitude parralel to prime meridian
latitude parralel to equator
formal region everyone shares one or more distinctive characteristic
other name for formal region homogeneous, uniform
functional region region with a central focus point
other name for functional region nodal
vernacular region a place that people believes is part of their cultural identity
other name for vernacular region perceptual
example of functional region a radio station signal
example of vernacular region the United States south
globalization process that involves whole world, and makes something worldwide in scope
transnational cooperation conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many places
density frequency somethings occurs in area
arithmetic density total number of objects in an area
physiological density number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
agricultural density number of farmers per unit area of farmland
concentration extent of a features spread over space
clustered close together
dispersed relatively far apart
diffusion spread of an idea or characteristic over time
relocation spread of an idea through physical movement of people
expansion spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
heirarchical spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority to other persons or places
contagious rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
stimulus spread of an underlying principle even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse
hearth/node place that a diffusion starts in
Us Land ordinance of 1785 When the congress allowed farmers to buy undeveloped land in the west and it influenced them moving west
Space time compression Describes the reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
Created by: edenbreslauer