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Explorer Study Guide

TermDefinition
Marco Polo Explored for Italy in 1295. Wanted to trade, gain knowledge, and freedom. His claim to fame is his book, and his trip was successful.
Bartholomeu Dias Explored for Portugal in 1488. He wanted to take a different route to India to get riches and popularity. His claim to fame is the fact that he made it to India and found the Cape of Good Hope, and his trip was successful.
Christopher Columbus Explored for Spain in 1492. He wanted to prove to people that the world is round by finding a westward route to India. He found both Americas and explored new lands, and his trip was successful.
Vasco Da Gama Explored for Portugal in 1497. He wanted to gain riches from India. His claim to fame was that he was the first to India, and his trip was successful.
Amerigo Vespucci Explored for Portugal in 1497. He wanted to see what Christopher Columbus was talking about. His claim to fame was the fact that he was the one that figured out that the New World is America, not India. His trip was successful.
John Cabot Explored for Italy in 1497. He wanted riches, fame, and land for himself. His claim to fame is he found a faster route to America, and his expedition was a success.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa Explored for Spain in 1500. He wanted to establish a settlement in South America. His claim to fame was that he was the first European to explore the Pacific ocean, and his trip was a success.
Juan Ponce De Leon Explored for Spain in 1521. He wanted to find the fountain of youth and to gain riches. His claim to fame is the fact that he found Florida for Spain, but his trip wasn't very successful.
Ferdinand Magellan Explored for Spain in 1519. He wanted to find a westward route to the Maluku Islands. His claim to fame is he proved for the first time that the world was round, but his trip wasn't as successful.
Hernan Cortez Explored for Spain in 1519. He wanted to explore the Aztec empire and claim Mexico for Spain, he wanted to promote Christianity, and he wanted to get riches. His claim to fame is he destroyed the Aztec Empire, and he was very successful.
Francisco Pizarro Explored for Spain in 1532. He wanted to spread Christianity throughout the world, and to be wealthy and famous. His claim to fame is that he founded the Pacific Ocean, spread Christianity, and destroyed the Inca empire, so his trip was a success.
Jacques Cartier Explored for France in 1534. He wanted gold, spices, and a route to Asia. His claim to fame is the fact that he allowed France to come to the area he claimed, and make it Canada, so his trip was a success.
Hernando de Soto Explored for Spain in 1524. He seeked glory and riches. He found the Mississippi River, so he was successful.
Francisco Coronado Explored for Spain in 1540. He wanted to get riches from a "city of gold." His claim to fame is he was credited with the fact that he found the Grand Canyon, but his trip wasn't so successful.
Sir Francis Drake Explored for England in 1540. He wanted to break Spain's control over the ocean. His claim to fame is he claimed part of the west coast of North America for England, and his trip was a success.
Samuel de Champlain Explored for France in 1603. He wanted to secure French trading and establish permanent French colonies. His claim to fame is that he founded Quebec and New France, and his trip was successful.
Henry Hudson Explored for England in 1609. He wanted to find a northern passage to orient. His claim to fame is the fact that he found the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and New York, but he didn't meet his goals.
Cartography The science or making of drawing maps.
Silk Road An ancient trade route that connected Europe and Asia.
Conquistador A spanish soldier conquering native lands.
Navigator Someone who navigates for the crew.
Astrolabe An astronomical instrument for finding the position of the sun and stars.
Northwest Passage A passage to make it to Asia without hitting America.
Mutiny A rebellion against bigger authorities.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land bordered by two bodies of water.
Circumnavigation To sail all around something (usually the world).
Expedition A voyage made with a group of people for a certain purpose.
Caravel A small faster ship that is easily maneuverable.
Created by: jpeck03