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MedTerm 15

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 15 words activity

QuestionAnswer
Acetaminophen An analgesic that reduces pain and fever, but does not relieve inflammation.
Acupuncture A traditional Chinese medical practice using very thin acupuncture needles inserted into specific points of the body to restore the flow of qi.
Albuminuria The presence of the protein albumin in the urine.
Analgesic Refers to the class of drugs that relieves pain without affecting consciousness.
Antipyretic Medication administered to prevent or reduce fever.
Arthrocentesis A surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis to determine the cause of pain or swelling in a joint.
Auscultation Listening for sounds within the body and is usually performed through a stethoscope.
Bacteriuria The presence of bacteria in the urine.
Bruit An abnormal sound or murmur heard during auscultation of an artery.
Calciuria The presence of calcium in the urine.
Compliance The patient’s consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional.
computed tomography Use of a thin, fan-shaped x-ray beam that rotates around the patient to produce multiple cross-sectional views of the body.
Contraindication A factor in the patient’s condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised.
Creatinuria An increased concentration of creatinine in the urine.
Echocardiography An ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart.
Endoscope A small flexible tube with a light and a lens on the end.
Fluoroscopy The visualization of body parts in motion by projecting x-ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen.
Glycosuria The presence of glucose in the urine.
Hematocrit The percentage, by volume, of a blood sample occupied by red cells.
Hematuria The presence of blood in the urine.
Hyperthermia An extremely high fever.
Hypothermia An abnormally low body temperature.
idiosyncratic reaction An unexpected reaction to a drug that is peculiar to the individual.
interventional radiology The use of radiographic imaging to guide a procedure such as a biopsy.
intradermal injection An injection made into the middle layers of the skin.
intravenous injection An injection made directly into vein.
Intramuscular injection An injection made directly into muscle.
Ketonuria The presence of ketones in the urine.
Laparoscopy The visual examination of the interior of the abdomen with the use of a laparoscope that is passed through a small incision in the abdominal wall.
lithotomy position The patient is lying on the back with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups.
magnetic resonance imaging Uses a combination of radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create signals that are sent to a computer and converted into images of any plane through the body.
Ophthalmoscope An instrument used to examine the interior of the eye.
Otoscope An instrument used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane.
Palliative A substance that eases the pain or severity of the symptoms of a disease, but does not cure it.
Parenteral Taken into the body, or administered, in a manner other than through the digestive tract.
Percussion A diagnostic procedure designed to determine the density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with the fingers.
Perfusion The flow of blood through an organ.
Pericardiocentesis The puncture of the pericardial sac for the purpose of removing fluid.
Phlebotomy The puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood.
Placebo An inactive substance, such as a sugar pill or liquid, that is administered only for its suggestive effects.
positron emission tomography Combines tomography with radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas.
prone position The patient is lying on the abdomen face down.
Proteinuria The presence of an abnormal amount of protein in the urine.
Pyuria The presence of pus in the urine.
Radiolucent The substance, such as air or nitrogen gas, does allow x-rays to pass through and appears black or dark gray on the resulting film.
Radiopaque The substance does not allow x-rays to pass through and appears white or light gray on the resulting film.
Rale An abnormal crackle-like lung sound heard through a stethoscope during inspiration.
Recumbent Any position in which the patient is lying down.
Rhonchi Coarse rattling sounds that are somewhat like snoring.
Sims’ position The patient is lying on the left side with the right knee and thigh drawn up with the left arm placed along the back.
single photon emission computed tomography
Speculum An instrument used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity to facilitate inspection of its interior.
Sphygmomanometer Used with a stethoscope to measure blood pressure.
Stethoscope An instrument used to listen to sounds within the body.
Stridor An abnormal, high-pitched, musical breathing sound caused by a blockage in the throat or in the larynx.
subcutaneous injection An injection made into the fatty layer just below the skin.
Transdermal Medication is administered from a patch that is applied to unbroken skin.
transesophageal echocardiography An ultrasonic imaging technique used to evaluate heart structures.
Ultrasonography Imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of sound wave pulses that are above the range of human hearing.
Urinalysis The examination of the physical and chemical properties of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
Created by: jillcyr
 

 



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