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MedTerm 12

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 12 words activity

QuestionAnswer
actinic keratosis A precancerous skin growth that occurs on sun-damaged skin.
Albinism A genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or the absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes.
Alopecia The partial or complete loss of hair that occurs most commonly on the scalp; also known as baldness.
Blepharoplasty The surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing excess fat, skin, and muscle; also known as a lid-lift.
Bulla A large blister that is usually more than one-half centimeter in diameter.
capillary hemangioma Soft, raised, pink or red vascular birthmark.
Carbuncle A cluster of connected furuncles.
Cellulitis An acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection within the connective tissues that is characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth, and red streaks.
Chloasma A pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish spots on the face; also known as melasma or the mask of pregnancy.
Cicatrix A normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound.
Comedo A non-infected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle.
Debridement The removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing.
Dermatitis An inflammation of the skin.
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating.
dysplastic nevi Atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer.
Ecchymosis A large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin; also known as a bruise.
Eczema A form of dermatitis usually characterized by redness, itching and dryness, with possible blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding.
Erythema Redness of the skin due to capillary dilation.
Erythroderma Abnormal redness of the entire skin surface.
Exanthema A widespread rash, usually in children.
exfoliative dermatitis A condition in which there is widespread scaling of the skin often with pruritus, erythroderma, and hair loss.
Folliculitis An inflammation of the hair follicles.
Furuncles Large, tender, swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands; also known as boils.
Granuloma A general term used to describe small, knot-like swellings of granulation tissue in the epidermis.
Hematoma A swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues; usually cause by an injury.
Hirsutism The presence of excessive body and facial hair in women, usually occurring in a male pattern.
Ichthyosis A group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin.
Impetigo A highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture.
Keloid An abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the incision.
Keratosis Any skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin.
Koilonychias A malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon.
Lipedema A chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in the tissues just under the skin of the hips and legs.
Lipoma A benign fatty deposit under the skin that causes a bump.
Macule A discolored flat spot, such as a freckle, that is less than one centimeter in diameter.
malignant melanoma A type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes.
necrotizing fasciitis A severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria, which is also known as flesh-eating bacteria.
Onychocryptosis An ingrown toenail.
Onychomycosis A fungal infection of the nail.
Papilloma A benign, superficial wartlike growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body such as in the bladder.
Papule A small, raised red lesion that is less than one-half centimeter in diameter.
Paronychia An acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around a nail.
Pediculosis An infestation with lice.
Petechiae Small pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than two millimeters in diameter.
Pruritus Itching associated with most forms of dermatitis.
Psoriasis A common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules are covered with silvery scales.
Purpura The appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin.
Purulent Producing or containing pus.
Rhytidectomy The surgical removal of excess skin and fat for the elimination of wrinkles; also known as a facelift.
Rosacea Characterized by tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels.
Scabies A skin infection caused by an infestation with the itch mite.
Scleroderma An autoimmune disorder in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened, causing the skin to become hard and swollen.
Seborrhea Overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount of sebum.
squamous cell carcinoma Originates as a malignant tumor of the thin, scaly squamous cells of the epithelium; however, it can quickly spread to other body systems.
systemic lupus erythematosus An autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk; also known as lupus.
Tinea A fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails.
Urticaria Wheals caused by an allergic reaction; also known as hives.
Verrucae Small, hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus; also known as warts.
Vitiligo A skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes.
Wheal A small bump that itches and often appears as a symptom of an allergic reaction.
Xeroderma Excessively dry skin.
Created by: jillcyr
 

 



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