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MedTerm 8

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 8 words activity

Aerophagia The excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach.
Anastomosis A surgical connection between two hollow, or tubular, structures (plural, anastomoses).
anorexia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance that leads to an intense fear of gaining weight and a refusal to maintain a normal body weight.
Antiemetic A medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting.
aphthous ulcers Lesions found on the soft tissues lining the mouth that look like grey-white pits with a red border; also known as canker sores.
Ascites An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Bariatrics The branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases.
Borborygmus The rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine.
bulimia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting.
Cachexia A condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS.
celiac disease An inherited autoimmune disorder characterized by a severe reaction to foods containing gluten.
Cheilosis A disorder of the lips characterized by crack-like sores at the corners of the mouth.
Cholangiography A radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium.
Cholangitis An acute inflammation of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper-right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, and jaundice.
Cholecystectomy The surgical removal of the gallbladder.
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder, usually associated with gallstones blocking the flow of bile.
Choledocholithotomy An incision into the common bile duct for the removal of a gallstone.
Cholelithiasis The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
Cirrhosis A chronic degenerative disease of the liver characterized by scarring.
Colonoscopy The direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum.
Colostomy The surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface.
Crohn’s disease A chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract; however, it is most often found in the ileum and in the colon.
Diverticulitis The inflammation, or infection, of one or more of the diverticula in the colon.
diverticulosis The abnormal presence of a number of diverticulum in the colon.
Dyspepsia Pain or discomfort in digestion; also known as indegestion.
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing.
Enteritis An inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens.
Eructation The act of belching or raising gas orally from the stomach.
esophageal varices Enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy An endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract.
Gastroduodenostomy The establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach, and the duodenum.
gastroesophageal reflux disease The upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus; also known as GERD.
gastrostomy tube A surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body directly into the stomach.
Hematemesis The vomiting of blood.
Hemoccult test A laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools.
Hepatitis An inflammation of the liver.
herpes labialis Blister-like sores located on the lips and the adjacent facial tissue; also known as cold sores or fever blisters.
hiatal hernia An anatomical abnormality in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm.
Hyperemesis Extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration.
Ileus The partial, or complete, blockage of the small and/or large intestine.
inguinal hernia The protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin.
jaundice A yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes.
Leukoplakia An abnormal white precancerous lesion that develops on the tongue or the inside of the cheek.
Melena The passage of stools with a black, tar-like appearance caused by the presence of digested blood.
morbid obesity The condition of weighing two or three times, or more, than the ideal weight.
nasogastric intubation The placement of a feeding tube through the nose and into the stomach.
Obesity An excessive accumulation of fat in the body.
Palatoplasty Surgical repair of a cleft palate, also used to refer to the repair of a cleft lip.
peptic ulcers Sores that affect the mucous membranes of the digestive system.
Peristalsis A series of wave-like contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction that moves the food forward into the digestive system.
Polyp A mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane. Not all polyps are malignant.
Proctologist A physician who specializes in disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus.
Regurgitation The return of swallowed food into the mouth.
Salmonellosis Is transmitted by feces, either through direct contact with animals, or by eating contaminated raw or undercooked meats and eggs or unpasteurized milk and cheese products; also referred to as salmonella.
Sigmoidoscopy The endoscopic examination of the interior of the rectum, sigmoid colon, and possibly a portion of the descending colon.
Stomatitis An inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth.
Trismus Any restriction to the opening of the mouth caused by trauma, surgery, or radiation associated with the treatment of oral cancer.
ulcerative colitis A chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation.
Volvulus The twisting of the intestine on itself, causing an obstruction.
Xerostomia The lack of adequate saliva due to diminished, or the lack of, salivary gland secretions.
Created by: jillcyr