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Foy WH Ch. 3 Test

How did farmers keep the rivers from flooding? canals, levees, irrigation
What made Hammurabi's Code so unique? It was written down for all to see It was very thorough
What does a scribe use to write cuneiform on his clay tablet? stylus
What group created the world's first advanced society? Sumerians
A scribe is writing a long poem about a hero who defeats the evil demon, Asag. What would you call this work of literature? epic
What is the area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf known as? Fertile Crescent
Who generally held the political power and made laws in Sumerian city-states? men
When Sargon's army conquered all of Mesopotamia, what did he establish? the world's first empire
During Hammurabi's rule, what city-state became the most important in Mesopotamia? Babylon
What was the Sumerian political unit of city and surrounding countryside called? city-state
Other than taking care of the home, what were some Sumerian women allowed to do? become priestesses
What two physical features are the most important ones of the region of Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Who generally took care of the home and children in Sumerian city-states? women
What was the world's first system of writing called? cuneiform
What did food surpluses lead to? Workers could specialize in other tasks than just farming.
What was the basis of all Sumerian society? polytheism
What was a benefit of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flooding each year? They brought silt that made the land ideal for farming.
How did Assyrian kings rule their empire? Local leaders governed a small area.
Why were kings at the top of the Sumerian social order? because they claimed to be chosen to rule by the gods
How was social hierarchy taken into account in Hammurabi's Code? It was a greater crime to injure a rich man than a poor man.
What civilization's king, Hammurabi, oversaw building and irrigation projects? Babylonians
What civilization's king developed a set of 282 laws? Babylonians
What civilization created the first alphabet? Phoenicians
What civilization founded several new colonies along the Mediterranean Sea? Phoenicians
What civilization used engraved cylinder seals? Sumerians
What civilization developed sewers? Sumerians
What civilization admired Sumerian culture and worshipped their gods? Chaldeans
What civilization developed math and science? Sumerians
What civilization's king, Nebuchadnezzar, created the Hanging Gardens? Chaldeans
What civilization used a chariot during battle? Hittites
What civilization developed the plow? Sumerians
What civilization used medicines for healing? Sumerians
What civilization was the first to master ironworking? Hittites
What civilization developed the wheel? Sumerians
What are the levels of Sumerian Society from top to bottom? Kings priests/governmental officials craftspeople, merchants, traders working class, farmers, laborers slaves/criminals
Created by: lfoy8290