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WH 1st 9 Weeks

World History 1st 9 weeks test review

What was the Hindu Caste structure? AKA. Verna, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Shudras, Untouchables
What did the Buddha teach and how did this challenge Hinduism? He rejected the caste system, which allowed everyone to have the possibility of awakening, This challenged Hinduism because the caste system was religious justification.
Who founded the Mauryan dynasty? Chandragupta
What was the major achievement of Ashoka Maurya? He gained many land from conquest, he spread Buddhism, and he carved laws called rock edicts. After his death, his successors charged heavy taxes.
Who founded the Gupta Dynasty? Chandra Gupta
Brahmin High priests and scholars
Brahma Creator god
Dharma duty
karma how a person lives this life determines what form a person takes in the next life
nirvana a state of perfect spiritual independence, can be reached with 4 noble truths, 8 fold path and dharma
Caste religious justification, social hierarchy
Untouchables Outside caste system, the lowest of the low, no soul
Vedas Brahmins collected written words into holy books
Four noble truths Life is suffering, suffering comes from wanted what you don't have, people stop suffering by ridding themselves of desire, stop desire by 8 fold path
Eight fold path middle path, right viewpoint, right thought, right speech, right action, right living, right effort, right awareness, right concentration
Reincarnation samsara, soul is reborn in different form after death
Verna caste system, social hierarchy
Moksha spiritual liberation
Siddhartha Gautama prince from northern India, born in Kshatriyas, known as Buddha, founded Buddhism
Zhou decentralized gov., led to period of warring states
Qin unification of China, centralized gov., standardization, legalism, Great Wall of China, rebels overwhelmed Qin.
Han Liu Bang, enforced peace, Confucian policies (civil service exams- wanted intelligent people), Pax Sinica- Chinese peace (400 years of prosperity and stability), silk road
Dynasty a line of hereditary rulers of a country
Empire a group of states under one single authority
Legalism strict laws with harsh punishments, humans are evil, greed was the motive for all actions, ended the period of warring states
Daoism religion, nature is perfect, meditation and tuning to nature are very important rituals, ambition and activism brought world to chaos.
Confucianism Analects, five key relationships, relationships are foundation for society, was incorporated into China’s civil service exams, philosophy
Patriarchal Society or government that is controlled by men
Social stratification Categorizes a human or group based on what your wealth was
Philosophy study of nature, knowledge, reality, etc.
Filial Piety respect for elders and ancestors
Scholar Gentry well educated civil servants
Bureaucracy system of gov. where decisions were made by state officials rather than elected representatives
Period of the Warring States city states fought each other- locked in struggle that ended Zhou era
what were the achievements of the Gupta Empire? It was the greatest period of political stability. Their medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and education was strong, AKA the Golden Age of India
Created by: mchuan