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First Civilizations

Social Studies - 6th Grade

TermDefinition
historian person who studies and writes about the human past
archaeologist scientist who learns about past human life by studying fossils and artifacts
artifact weapon, tool, or other item made by humans.
fossil the trace or imprint of a plant or animal that has been preserved in rock
anthropologist scientist who studies the physical characteristics and cultures of humans and their ancestors.
nomad person who regularly moves from place to place
technology tools and methods used to help humans performs tasks.
domesticate to tame animals and plants for human use.
specialization the development of different kinds of jobs.
civilization complex society with cities, organized government, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system
irrigation method of bringing water to a field from another place to water crops
city-state independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages
artisan skilled crafts person
cuneiform Sumerian system of writing made up of wedge-shaped markings
scribe record keeper
empire group of territories or nations under a single ruler or government.
province political district
caravan group of traveling merchants and animals
astronomer person who studies stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies
Created by: turnereagles