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WRLD CIV CHAP 2 2019

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian WORLD CIV. Chap. 2 Test flash cards 2019

QuestionAnswer
During which of the Ancient Egyptian Kingdoms were pyramids (like the Pyramid of Giza) built? These were built during the Old Kingdom.
Who were Indo-Europeans? This term refers to a group of people who spoke a language derived from a single "parent-tongue". This includes languages such as Persian and Sanskrit.
Where did the Hittites live? They created an empire in Western Asia.
Who were the first people to use iron? The Hittites.
Where did the Phoenicians live? They lived in an area of Palestine along the Mediterranean coast on a narrow band of land 120 miles long.
Why are the Israelites the "most famous" of the ancient civilizations when it comes to Christianity? Because their religion - Judaism - influenced both Christianity and Islam, both of which are major world religions today.
Who expanded the Israeli government, army, and trade when he ruled Israel from 1010 - 970 B.C.E.? King Solomon.
What does the term "monotheistic" mean? The term means "one god".
List three (3) aspects of Jewish religious tradition. 1. The Covenant, 2. Law, 3. Prophets.
Which empire was located on the upper Tigris River beginning around 700 B.C.E.? The Assyrian Empire.
What was the main reason why the Assyrian empire collapsed? This empire collapsed because of their harsh tactics in dealing with their citizens.
Which empire took over the areas of the former Assyrian Empire after it collapsed? The Chaldean King, Nebuchadnezzar II, took over these areas, creating the empire of Babylon.
Who defeated the Assyrians? The Babylonians defeated them.
Who was the ruler of Persia from 559 - 530 B.C.E.? Cyrus was the ruler from 559 - 530 B.C.E.
What does the term "monarchy" mean? "Ruled by a king or queen."
What is a "satrap"? A name for a governor of the Persian empire.
What religion did the Persians practice? They practiced "Zoroastrianism".
Why didn't the scattered Israelites go to Judah? They were afraid they would be stoned to death (killed).
The simplified version of Egyptian hieroglyphics was called ______________________________. This version was called hieratic script.
What is one (1) example of a modern piece of technology that is being used to study archaeological remains such as mummies? One example of this is using CT Scans.
Why is Seti I's tomb sealed (no tourists or visitors are allowed)? This is because the moisture from visitor's breath - including moisture from the outside air - will damage the pigment in the paints used in the tomb.
What does the term "polytheistic" mean/ refer to? This term means "belief in many gods".
Why was "natron" used in the mummification process? This was used to absorb all of the fluids from the deceased person's body before this process could continue.
How long did the Egyptian Old Kingdom last? This lasted from 2700 to 2200 B.C.E.
How long did the Egyptian Middle Kingdom last? This lasted from 2055 to 1650 B.C.E.
How long did the Egyptian New Kingdom last? This last from 1550 to 1070 B.C.E.
What does the term "bureaucracy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an administrative organization with officials and regular procedures".
Where did the Babylonians get their religious beliefs from? They got these from the Akkadians, who they conquered.
List three (3) aspects of Egyptian culture that we learned about in class. 1.) Women could keep property; 2.) Created "hieroglyphics" - a writing system; 3.) Parents arranged marriages for their children.
List two (2) aspects of Egyptian religion that we learned about in class. 1.) Their sun god was called "Re"; 2.) They were polytheistic (believed in many gods and goddesses).
Where were the Akkadian, Sumerian, and Babylonian civilizations located? These civilizations were located in Mesopotamia.
Where was the ancient Egyptian civilization located? It was located in Northern Africa near the Nile River Delta.
Created by: sticklerpjpII