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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian WORLD CIV. Unit 2 Test flash cards 2018

During which of the Ancient Egyptian Kingdoms were pyramids (like the Pyramid of Giza) built? These were built during the Old Kingdom. (Pg. 36)
Who were Indo-Europeans? This term refers to a group of people who spoke a language derived from a single "parent-tongue". This includes languages such as Persian and Sanskrit. (Pg. 46)
Where did the Hittites live? They created an empire in Western Asia. (Pg. 47)
Who were the first people to use iron? The Hittites. (Pg. 47)
Where did the Phoenicians live? They lived in an area of Palestine along the Mediterranean coast on a narrow band of land 120 miles long. (Pg. 48)
Why are the Israelites the "most famous" of the ancient civilizations when it comes to Christianity? Because their religion - Judaism - influenced both Christianity and Islam, both of which are major world religions today. (Pg. 49)
Who expanded the Israeli government, army, and trade when he ruled Israel from 1010 - 970 B.C.E.? King Solomon. (Pg. 49)
What does the term "monotheistic" mean? The term means "one god". (Pg. 50)
List three (3) aspects of Jewish religious tradition. 1. The Covenant, 2. Law, 3. Prophets.
Which empire was located on the upper Tigris River beginning around 700 B.C.E.? The Assyrian Empire. (Pg. 56)
What was the main reason why the Assyrian empire collapsed? This empire collapsed because of their harsh tactics in dealing with their citizens. (Pgs. 54 & 55)
Which empire took over the areas of the former Assyrian Empire after it collapsed? The Chaldean King, Nebuchadnezzar II, took over these areas, creating the empire of Babylon. (Pg. 56)
Who defeated the Assyrians? The Babylonians defeated them. (Pg. 56)
Who was the ruler of Persia from 559 - 530 B.C.E.? Cyrus was the ruler from 559 - 530 B.C.E. (Pg. 57)
What does the term "monarchy" mean? "Ruled by a king or queen." (Pg. 57)
What is a "satrap"? A name for a governor of the Persian empire. (Pg. 57)
What religion did the Persians practice? They practiced "Zoroastrianism". (Pg. 57)
What did the Zoroastrians call their "supreme god"? They called him "Ahuramazda", which means "Wise Lord". (Pg. 57)
Why didn't the scattered Israelites go to Judah? They were afraid they would be stoned to death (killed).
The simplified version of Egyptian hieroglyphics was called ______________________________. This version was called hieratic script. (Pg. 43)
What is one (1) example of a modern piece of technology that is being used to study archaeological remains such as mummies? One example of this is using CT Scans.
According to the video that we watched, "Pyramids of Giza", why is Seti I's tomb so important? This tomb is so important because the paintings and hieroglyphics are so well preserved that archaeologists are able to tell that a magic spell for resurrecting the dead is inscribed on the walls.
Why is Seti I's tomb sealed (no tourists or visitors are allowed)? This is because the moisture from visitor's breath - including moisture from the outside air - will damage the pigment in the paints used in the tomb.
What does the term "polytheistic" mean/ refer to? This term means "belief in many gods".
According to the video that we watched, "Pyramids of Giza", what is unusual about the Lost Temple of Akhmin? This is unusual because it was discovered during the construction of a post office in modern Egypt, which is situated in a heavily urban (i.e. city) environment.
According to the video that we watched, "Pyramids of Giza", who discovered King Tut's tomb? Howard Carter was the archaeologist who discovered this.
Why was "natron" used in the mummification process? This was used to absorb all of the fluids from the deceased person's body before this process could continue.
What is one (1) thing that archaeologists discovered by examining the tombs of workers who built pharaoh's tombs? One (1) thing that was discovered was that a kind of social hierarchy existed with "foreman" (i.e. supervisors) at the top, directing the work flow.
How were archaeologists able to tell that tomb builders were highly valued employees (and not slaves)? They were able to tell this because they discovered evidence that suggested workers were well cared for by a health care system; other evidence was found in tomb paintings.
Why did pharaohs believe it was so important to have their tomb completed before their death? They believed this because they were afraid that the next pharaoh would not honor their legacy and complete their tomb for them properly, which would hinder their entrance into the afterlife.
How did Egyptians use advancements that they made in mathematics? Egyptians used these to "build massive monuments", "calculate area and volume", and to "survey flooded land". (Pg. 43)
How long did the Egyptian Old Kingdom last? This lasted from 2700 to 2200 B.C.E. (Pg. 37)
How long did the Egyptian Middle Kingdom last? This lasted from 2055 to 1650 B.C.E. (Pg. 38)
How long did the Egyptian New Kingdom last? This last from 1550 to 1070 B.C.E. (Pg. 39)
What does the term "bureaucracy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an administrative organization with officials and regular procedures". (Pg. 37)
Created by: sticklerpjpII