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Geography Terms

Important terms to know as you study geography

TermDefinition
symbol Anything that stands for something else
scale A unit of measure on a map, such as an inch, that is used to represent a distance on the Earth
longitude Distance east or west of the prime meridian measured by a set of imaginary lines (or "meridians") that run north and south from Earth's poles
cardinal directions The directions north, south, east and west
intermediate directions The directions halfway between the cardinal directions: northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest
region An area with common features that sets it apart from other regions
culture The way of life of a group of people at a particular time, including their daily habits, beliefs, and arts
geography The study of the Earth's surface and how it shapes people's lives and how Earth is shaped, in turn, by people's activities
climate The weather pattern of an area over a long period of time
customs A way of living that people of the same culture practice regularly over time
map key A list of map symbols that tells what each symbol stands for
values Ideas or beliefs that guide the way people live
interaction The exchange of ideas and customs among cultures
locator map A simple map used to show the location of a particular geographic area within its larger and more familiar contex
environment the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates
movement the migration of living things from one area/region to another
latitude Distance north or south of the equator measured by a set of imaginary lines (or "parallels") that run east and west around the Earth
continent One of Earth's seven large bodies of land
hemisphere One of the halves of the Earth
equator an imaginary line circling Earth halfway between the North and South poles and dividing Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres
meridian Any line of longitude east or west of Earth's prime meridian
prime meridian The line of longitude marked at 0 degrees on the world map, from which longitude east and west are measured
parallels Any line of latitude lines north or south of the Equator; as in math, parallels on a globe never cross or meet
compass rose A drawing on a map that shows direction
Created by: clavery