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Tools Test

Tools of the Historian

primary source information about events recorded at the time of those events
secondary source information about events recorded after those events by people who have studied previous sources
archaeologist scientist who learns about the past by digging up artifacts and fossils
historian a person who studies, analyzes, and write about the past using a variety of sources
calendar a dating system used to measure time
chronology order in which events occurred
Prehistory the history of humans before the invention of writing
Ancient History the time period we study this year, the time from the invention of writing to about AD 500
BC "before Christ" dates events that took place before the birth of Jesus
AD "anno domini" or "in the year of our Lord" is used to date events that took place after the birth of Jesus
c. circa or about
BCE before the common era
CE common era
century 100 years
decade 10 years
time line break line a slanted or jagged line to show a break in the regular spacing of years or the skipping of years
multilevel timeline used to compare events that took place a the same time in different cultures
Western/Christian calendar dates events as happening before or after the birth of Jesus
Jewish calendar calendar begins with the creation of the world according to their culture
Muslim calendar dates events beginning when Muhammad left the city of Makkah for Medinah
cultural diffusion the exchanging of goods or ideas between cultures that have met through trade, war, or migration
independent invention the development of similar ideas or products in cultures that have never met to solve similar problems
absolute location an exact place on Earth, often latitude and longitude coordinates
relative location describes where a place is located by comparing it to another place
Created by: Arsenault209