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World History

Chapter 3 Notes

Israelites descendants of Abraham that left mesopotamia and settled in Canaan
Jacob raised 12 sons, who became the 12 tribes of Israel
Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Sinai Desert
Torash the first five books of the Hebrew Bible
What were the first five books of the Hebrew Bible Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
What today occupies the land that used to be Cannan Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan
The Ten Commandments what God believes to be right and wrong--are the most important part of the Torah. (helped form the basic moral laws of many nations)
Isreal name given to the descendants of Jacob, means “one who struggles with God”
Assyrians and Chaldeans wanted Canaan for control of trade through its routes Solomon- king who built the temple in Jerusalem
Nebuchadnezzar chaldean king who captured Jerusalem and exiled 10,000 Jews
David drove the Philistines out of israel and moved the capital to Jerusalem
Babylonian Captivity period of time when Jews were sent to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar
Palestine name given to Judah by Romans; refers to the Philistines
Prophets warned that going to the temple was not enough; all must work for a just society.
Who is David's son Solomon
Cyrus Persian king who allowed the Jews to return to Judah
Hanukkah commemorates the cleansing of the temple by the Maccabees
Talmud teachings about the Torah & record of Jewish law
Daniel refused to worship Babylonian gods & was thrown into the lion’s den
Essenes lived in the desert, praying for God to deliver them from the Romans
What does the book of Daniel remind Jews God will rescue them
Who shares the idea that good will triumph over evil and that all believe in the same God Jews, Christians, and Muslims
monotheism the belief in one god
tribe group of related families
Torah the laws that, according to the Bible, Moses received from God on Mount Sinai; these laws later became the first part of the first Hebrew Bible
covenant agreement
alphabet group of letters that stand for letters
prophet person who claims to be instructed by God to share God’s word
empire group of territories or nations under a single ruler or government
tribute payment made by one group or nation to another to show obedience or to obtain peace or protection
proverbs wise sayings
exile a period of forced absence from one’s country or home
Sabbath weekly day of worship and rest for Jews
synagogue Jewish house of worship
Diaspora refers to the scattering of communities of Jews outside their homeland after the Babylonian captivity
messiah in Judaism, a deliverer sent by God
rabbi Jewish leader and teacher of the Torah
Created by: S732596