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Hormones

TermDefinition
thyroid stimulating hormone/ thyrotropin stimulates thyroid gland to secrete thyroid hormone
prolactin stimulates milk production in females; in males it may cause the testes to become more sensitive to LH
adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete corticosteroids
growth hormone/ somatotropin acts on entire body to promote protein synthesis, lipid & carb metabolism, and bone and skeletal growth
luteinizing hormone a gonadotropin that stimulates ovulation and estrogen and progesterone synthesis in females and the secretion of testosterone by the testes in males
follicle stimulating hormone one of the gonadotropins stimulates the production of eggs in the ovaries of females and sperm in the testes in males.
oxytocin stimulates contraction of the uterus during childbirth, also triggers the release of milk from the breast during lactation.
anti-diuretic hormone acts on the kidneys to reduce urine volume and prevent dehydration
thymosin and thymoproietin help develop the immune system
triodothyronine and thyroxine increases the body's metabolic rate
parathyroid hormone maintains normal levels of calcium in the blood stream
aldosterone acts on kidneys to promote Na+ retension and K+ excretion
cortisol helps body adapt to stress and repairs damaged tissue
epinephrine boost glucose levels and prepares body for physical activities
glucagon stimulates the liver to convert glycogen to glucose causing the blood glucose level to rise
insulin stimulates cells to absorb glucose and amino acids causing blood glucose levels to drop
somatostatin regulates other endocrine cells
estrogen promotes development of female characteristics and also contributes to the development of the reproductive system
progesterone helps maintain the uterine lining during pregnancy
testosterone triggers the development of male sexual characteristics; also sustains sperm production
what hormones are produced in the anterior pituitary prolactin, thyroid stimulating, adrenocorticotropic, growth hormone, luteinizing, follicle stimulating
what hormones are produced in the posterior pituitary oxytocin, anti-diuretic
what hormones are produced in the thymus thymosin and thymopoietin
what hormones are produced in the thyroid triodothyronine and thyroxine
what hormones are produced in the parathyroid parathyroid hormone
what hormones are produced in the adrenal cortex aldosterone, cortisol, testosterone, estrogen
what hormones are produced in the adrenal medulla epinephrine
what hormones are produced in the pancreas glucagon, insulin, somatostatin
what hormones are produced in the ovaries estrogen, progesterone
what hormones are produced in the testes testosterone
Created by: rewebb
 

 



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