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Thorax Pathology

Teratoma encapsulated tumor that contain other types of tissue or organ components such as hair, teeth, and bone; usually congenital and can be benign or malignant
Lung metastasis cancer that has spread to the lungs
Thoracic aneurysm abnormal enlargement or bulging of the aorta; can rupture and cause internal bleeding
Pulmonary embolus a blockage in one or both pulmonary arteries
Aortic dissection condition in which a tear develops in a weakened area of the aorta; blood surges through the tear causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to separate
Pleural effusion abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
Congestive heart failure illness where the heart becomes less powerful and blood doesn't move as efficiently and starts to back up increasing the pressure in the blood vessels and forcing fluid into body tissues
Pericardial disease can be acute or chronic inflammation of the pericardium
Cardiomegaly abnormal enlargement of the heart; sign of an underlying problem
Coarctation narrowing of the aorta that is typically present at birth
Infarction a condition when the heart tissue dies due to cardiac ischemia
Cardiac ischemia when a portion of the heart is starved of oxygen due to a blocked artery
Ventricular septal defect common heart defect normally present at birth; hole between the ventricles
Atrial septal defect congenital heart defect in which the atria doesn't close completely
Tetralogy of fallot combination of four birth defects of the heart that reduce blood flow to the lungs and allow deoxygenated blood to be pumped to the body
Pneumonia infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs; air sacs may fill with fluid or pus
Emphysema reduction in the surface area of the lungs due to the alveoli becoming weak and rupturing
Pulmonary fibrosis chronic progressive interstitial lung disease characterized by inflammation of the lung tissue
Hemothorax accumulation of blood within the pleural cavity usually resulting from injury
Pneumothorax presence of air within the pleural space
Pulmonary edema condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs collecting in the alveoli and making it difficult to breathe
Bronchiectasis abnormal and permanent distortion of one or more of the bronchi or airways
Acute respiratory distress syndrome life threatening condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting to the lungs and into the blood that leads to a buildup of fluid in the air sacs; fluid prevents oxygen from passing into the bloodstream and causes the lungs to be heavy and stiff
Tuberculosis caused by the bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis that attacks the lungs; spread through droplets in the air
Created by: majersh