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Ch. 3 History Notes.

TermDefinition
Israelites descendants of Abraham who left Mesopotamia and settled in Canaan.
Torah the first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.)
Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan occupy the land that was once Canaan.
Jacob raised 12 sons who became the 12 tribes of Israel.
The Ten Commandments what God believes to be right and wrong; the most important part of the Torah that helped form the basic moral laws of many nations.
Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Sinai Desert.
Saul warrior-farmer anointed king by the prophet Samuel.
Assyrians and Chaldeans wanted Canaan for control of trade routes through it.
Solomon king who built the temple in Jerusalem.
Nebuchadnezzar Chaldean king who captured Jerusalem and exiled 10,000 Jews.
David drove the Philistines out of Israel and moved the capital to Jerusalem.
Babylonian captivity period of time when Jews were sent to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar.
Palestine name given to Judah by Romans, refers to the Philistines.
Prophets warned that going to the temple was not enough, all must work for a just society.
Alexander the Great king who defeated the Persians to become ruler of Judah.
Zealots fought the Romans for freedom and drove them out of Jerusalem.
Israel name given to the descendants of Jacob, means "one who struggles with God."
Cyrus Persian king who allowed the Jews to return to Judah.
Hanukkah commemorates the cleansing of the temple by the Maccabees.
Talmud teachings about the Torah and record of Jewish law.
Daniel refused to worship Babylonian gods and was thrown into the lion's den.
Essenes lived in the desert, praying for God to deliver them from the Romans.
Jews, Christians, and Muslims share the idea that good will triumph over evil and they worship the same God.
Created by: S730503