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WH Unit 2 Vocabulary

WH Unit 2 Vocabulary: Ancient Greece & Rome

TermDefinition
Aristocracy Government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Tragedy Serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
Mercenary Soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army
Consul In Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command that army and direct the government
Oligarchy Form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class
Aristotle Questioned nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge
Dictator Ruler who has absolute power with military control but, without hereditary ascension such as an absolute monarch.
Epic Long poetic composition, centered upon a hero.
Hellenistic culture Much of Greek culture, art and literature after the conquest of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great. This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new areas
Comedy Humorous form of drama that often includes satire
Tribute Payment made by a weaker power to a stronger power to obtain an assurance of peace and security
Homer Greek epic poet: author of the Iliad and Odyssey.
Myth Story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society
Plato Wrote The Republic, that was a vision of a perfectly governed society
Socrates Believed that absolute standards did exist for truth and justice
Mycenaean Aegean civilization that spread its influence from Mycenae to many parts of the Mediterranean region from about 1580 to 1120 B.C.
Julius Caesar Roman military leader that governed as an absolute ruler; murdered in the senate chamber
Pax Romana This was Latin for "Roman peace." Long period of peace and expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the first century
Roman Republic Governed by a complex constitution, centered on the principles of a separation of powers and checks and balances.
Roman Senate Aristocratic branch of Rome’s government
Tyrant Absolute ruler who governs without restrictions.
Inflation Decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
Trojan War Army led by Mycenaean king attacked the trading city of Troy in Antolia
Punic War Series of 3 wars between Rome and Carthage
Democracy Government by the people; people vote for their leaders
Created by: jhanes2