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World History

Chapter 2 Notes

Upper Egypt The land directly south of the Nile river delta
Nile river the longest river in the world, about 4,000 miles long
Sahara the largest desert in the world
Social Classes of Egypt Pharaoh Priests and Nobles Traders, artisans, shopkeepers, and scribes Farmers and herders Unskilled workers and slaves
Kemet the black land
Who were believed the sons of Re pharaohs
Hapi god who ruled over the Nile river
Isis goddess ruled the underworld
Isis represented a loyal wife and mother
The Book of the Dead a collection of spells that Egyptians believed they needed to enter the afterworld
Who wrote the world’s first medical book Egyptian doctors
Pyramid entrance always faced north
The Great Pyramid the largest building in Egypt (built by King Khufu)
Hatshepsut first female pharaoh
Ramses II greatest of the new kingdom pharaoh
Middle KIngdom a time of stability, prosperity, and achievement
Hyksos a group of people from western Asia who conquered Egypt
When did the reign of the pharaohs end New Kingdom
Memphis capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom
Thebes capital of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom
cataract steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
delta area of fertile soil at the mouth of a river
papyrus reed plant of the Nile Valley, used to make a form of paper
hieroglyphics system of writing made up of thousands of picture symbols developed by the ancient Egyptians
dynasty line of rulers from the same family
pharaoh all-powerful king in ancient Egypt
deity god or goddess
embalming process developed by the ancient Egyptians of preserving a person’s body after death
mummy body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen.
pyramid huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb
tribute payment made by a group or a nation to another to show obedience to obtain peace or protection
incense material burned for its pleasant smell
savanna grassy plain
Created by: S732596