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2 - Mesopotamia

(Willis) 2 Mesopotamia

A complex society with cities, organized government, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system. Civilization
A method of bringing water to a field from another place to water crops. Irrigation
An independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages. City-state
A skilled craftsperson who produced items such as jewelry, weapons, or armor. Artisan
The Sumerian system of writing that is made up of wedge-shaped markings. Cuneiform
A record keeper or copier of documents who often worked as a high ranking government official. Scribe
A group of diverse territories or nations under the control of a single ruler or government. Empire
The king who created the first Babylonian Empire; he is known for his collection of laws called the “Code of Hammurabi” that covered most areas of daily life. Hammurabi
A flat plain known as the Fertile Crescent in what is now southern Iraq. Its boundaries are the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers & it is the site of the earliest known civilization. Mesopotamia
The region of southern Mesopotamia where many cities had formed by 3000 B.C. & where many important technological advancements took place. Sumer
A city and trade center built near the Euphrates River in the 1800s B.C. that would become one of the greatest cities of the Ancient world under rulers like Nebuchadnezzar. Babylon
A river in Southwest Asia that formed Mesopotamia along with Euphrates River. Tigris River
A river in Southwest Asia that formed Mesopotamia along with Tigris River. Euphrates River
The practice of buying, selling, or bartering for items that has helped to spread ideas around the world. Trade
The king of the Akkadians who conquered all of Mesopotamia & created the world's first empire. Sargon
A political district or territory governed as a part of a country or empire. Province
A group of traveling merchants and animals. Caravan
A person who studies stars, plants, and other heavenly bodies. Astronomer
People from the area of Assyria in northern Mesopotamia who conquered all of Mesopotamia, Israel, & Egypt with a large standing army, new military organization, & the large scale use of iron weapons. Assyrians
The removal and scattering of whole populations of people from their homelands with the intent of dividing them to prevent rebellions. This method was commonly used by the Assyrians. Mass Deportation
The King of Assyria who built the Great Library at Nineveh, from which much of our knowledge about ancient Mesopotamia has been gathered. Ashurbanipal
Also known as the Chaldeans. Led by Nebuchadnezzar, they overthrew the Assyrians and created a new empire in which Babylon became one of the greatest cities of the ancient world. Babylonians
A Library built at Nineveh by King Ashurbanipal that contained over 25,000 cuneiform tablets that covered religion, government, science, mathematics, medicine, & poetry like the Epic of Gilgamesh. Great Library
King of the Babylonians who led the rebellion that overthrew the Assyrians. He made Babylon one of the greatest cities on earth & built the legendary Hanging Gardens to please his homesick wife. Nebuchadnezzar
The capital of the Assyrian empire and the location of the Great Library of Ashurbanipal. Nineveh
Famous terraced gardens built by Nebuchadnezzar for his homesick wife. They were known as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Hanging Gardens
Very cruel acts committed against someone. The Assyrians famously committed these against those they defeated, such as the cutting off of peoples ears, noses, fingers, & the gauging of their eyes. Atrocities
Created by: chadmw