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MWH Unit 1 Religions

Summerville High School MWH

TermDefinition
Hegira also spelled Hijrah; Muhammad's’ journey from Mecca to Medina in 622ad, first year of the Muslim calendar
Pilgrimage trip made for religious purposes, brings one closer to your faith
Polytheism belief in many gods
Mecca Home to the Ka’ba, destination for Muslims on a hajj
Mosque Muslim place of worship
Hajj Muslim pilgrimage, one of the Five Pillars of Islam
Nirvana Buddhist concept, to escape from the cycle of reincarnation
Zen type of Buddhism, focuses on meditation to achieve a state of enlightenment
Monastery home to monks, generally found in Christian and Buddhist relgions
Muhammad founder of Islam, considered to be the last and greatest prophet of Allah
Jesus In Christian tradition, the son of God and the messiah or savior
Prophet person who delivers a message from God
Bible Christian holy book, made up of the Old Testament (before Jesus' birth) and the New Testament (after)
Quran also known as the Koran, Muslim holy book, collection of teachings from Muhammad and a history of the early days of Islam.
Four Noble Truths part of the Buddhist belief system, focused on the concept of suffering
Buddha Siddhartha Gautama - founder of Buddhism, Buddha means "enlightened one"
Torah Jewish holy book - the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the first five books of the Hebrew scriptures (the Pentateuch).
Sharia Law Legal system that governs all aspects of a Muslims life. This includes laws on how people should interact with each other and how they dress.
animism religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Daoism Also spelled Taoism Chinese advocating humility, religious piety, and being one with nature.
Confucianism Chinese religious tradition that focuses on the importance of relationships as a way of governing and creating a stable society
Yin and Yang Daoist principle that all things exist as inseparable and contradictory opposites, for example, female-male, dark-light and old-young
Caste System Social hierarchy that divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras each based on their specific occupation
Karma (in Hinduism and Buddhism) the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences; what comes around goes around
Five Pillars Foundational system of Islam, all Muslims must follow the Five Pillars. Faith, Charity, Alms, Hajj, Fasting
Created by: amygilstrap7