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AP Hmn - Unit 1 Voc

AP Human Unit 1 Vocab

TermDefinition
Accessibility/Connectivity The relative ease with which a destination may be reached from some other place. The relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
Activity Space The space within which daily activity occurs
Agricultural Density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area
Base Lines An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States
Cartography The art and science of making maps. A tool for storing reference material and communicating geographic information
Concentration The spread of something over a given area
Connections Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
Contagious Diffusion The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person—analogous to getting the word out that the flu is being spread.
Cultural Diffusion The spread of ideas between two cultural groups
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human-environment relationships
Cultural Landscape A combination of cultural features such as agriculture and industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation. Or, an area fashioned by nature by a cultural group.
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a groups distinct tradition.
Culture Complex A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils
Culture Hearth A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
Culture Trait A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban
Density The frequency with which something occur in space
Distance Decay The farther away one group is from another – the less likely they are to interact
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface
Environmental Determinism How the physical or natural environment can cause social or cultural development. For example, climate was major determinant of civilization
Equator An imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°
Expansion Diffusion The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population, or from one place to another in a snowballing effect.
Formal Region A uniform region or homogeneous region or an area in which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Region A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. Also called a nodal region, or area organized around a node or focal point
Geographic Concept Need a definition
Geography - "Geo" = Earth, "Graphy" = to write The scientific study of the location of people and activities across the Earth and the reasons for their distribution
GIS - Geographic Information System A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and display geographic data
Globalization Cultural and economic interaction amongst the world. The processes of which transcend state boundaries and have outcomes that vary across places and scales.
GPS - Global Positioning System The system that accurately determines the precise position of something on Earth
Greenwich Mean Time The time in that time zone encompassing the Prime Meridian, or 0 degrees longitude
Hearth The area where an idea or cultural trait originates
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places, such as political (idea), social (fashion trend), or place of power (urban to rural)
Human Geography Where and why human activities occur. Or, one of the major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes
International Date Line An arc that mostly follows 180° longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross the International Date Line, the calendar moves either back one day if going East, or forward one day if going West.
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator
Local Diversity Cultural traditions and economic practices. Or, one of the two factors that are pulling people in opposite directions. Its one way people are searching for more ways to express their unique cultural traditions and economic practices.
Location The position that something occupies on Earth's surface
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian (0°).
Map A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth’s surface or a portion of it
Mental Map An internal representation of a portion of Earth’s surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Pattern The geometric arrangement of objects in space. Or, the design of a spatial distribution (e.g. scattered or concentrated)
Perception of Place belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories or pictures
Physical Geography Where and why natural forces occur. Or, the realm of geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of the natural phenomena of the earth’s surface
Physiological Density The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
Place Specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic. Or, the fourth theme of geography; uniqueness of a location
Possibilism People have the ability to adjust to their environment. Or, the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
Prime Meridian The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
Principal Meridians North-South lines seperating townships designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering
Projection The system used to transfer locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map.
Reference Map A map that shows reference information for a particular place, making it useful for finding landmarks and for navigating
Region Area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features. Or, the third theme of geography; an area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon
Regional Studies An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular area study (cultural landscape)
Relocation Diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long distance methods
Resources Substances that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasible to access, and socially acceptable to use
Scale Tthe relationship of the size of a feature on a map to its actual size on the Earth's surface
Sections One of 36 equal sized areas within a township each measuring 1 mile by 1 mile square
Sense of Place Feelings evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place. The felling of being "home".
Site The physical character of a place
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects.
Space-Time Compression The reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
Spatial Association Explains why regions have distinctive features – such as higher cancer rates. The distribution of one phenomenon is spatially related to the distribution of another
Stimulus Diffusion A form of diffusion where a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place.Or the spread of the underlying principle of some idea,though as time moves on, it may not look like the original version.
Thematic Maps A type of map that displays one or more variables, such as population or income level, within a particular area
Township A square normally 6 miles on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into a series of townships.
Transnational Corporation A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
Uneven Development The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
Vernacular Region An area that people believe to exsist as part of their cultural identity or also called a perceptual region
Created by: jonny#5