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urinalysis review

epididymis A single , tightly coiled tube above each testis that stores sperm
nephrotomography a study in which several planes of the kidney are visualized
bladder an expandable hollow organ; temporary reservoir for urine
Hematuria blood in the urine
PSA--prostate specific antigen blood test used to detect prostatic disorders
renal artery carries waste laden blood to the tubules
calculi commonly called stones; composed of mineral salts
BUN blood urea nitrogen determines the amount of nitrogen in blood that comes from urea
C&S- culture& sensitivity determines the causative organism of an infection and identifies how the organism responds to various antibiotics
urinary system eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination
Gynecomastia enlargement of breast tissue in the male
Cryptoorchidism failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth
Nephrons filtering units located in the kidney tissue
kidneys fist-sized organs in the abdominal cavity
Nephropexy fixation of a floating or mobile kidney
Impotence inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection
Incontinence inability to control urine elimination or bowel function
Balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
PKD polycystic kidney disease inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys
Foreskin loose skin covering the penis
Hemodialysis mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood
Electrolytes mineral salt (sodium, potassium, or calcium) that carries an electrical charge
Prostatocystalgia pain in the prostate and bladder
dysuria painful urination
residual pertaining to that which is left as a residue
renal pertaining to the kidney
nephrolithiasis presence of kidney stones
nitrogenous wastes product of protein metabolism
diuretics promote and increase the excretion of urine
pyuria pus in urine
pyelolithotomy removal of a stone from the renal pelvis by an incision
circumcision removal of the foreskin
vasectomy removal /excision of the vas deferens
kidney transplant replacement of a diseased kidney
urgency sensation of the need to void immediately
peritoneum serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity
phimosis stenosis of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
renal vein structure which carries blood away from the kidney
varicocele swelling and distension of veins of the spermatic cord
Created by: eleanor r



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