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Early Man

Standards 6-1.1 and 6-1.2

What is prehistory? The time before writing.
How are the Stone Ages divided? Three periods (eras). Based on types of tools used.
What is a tool? Any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task.
What does Paleolithic mean? Old Stone Age
Where were the first tools found? Tanzania (Africa)
What were the first tools used for? Processing food (cutting, chopping, scraping)
What is a society? A community of people who share a common culture
What are hunter-gatherers? People who hunt animals, and gather plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive.
What did men do in hunter-gatherer groups? Hunt, take care of fire
What did women do in hunter-gatherer groups? Gather, take care of home and children
Why was the development of language important? Made hunting easier; Helped form relationships; Helped resolve issues
What does migrate mean? To move
What does ice ages mean? Long periods of freezing weather
What does land bridge mean? Strip of land connecting two continents
How did humans migrate during the Ice Ages? Began in Africa and went to Asia. From Asia, spread to Europe, North America, South America, and Australia.
What does Mesolithic mean? Middle Stone Age
What does Neolithic mean? New Stone Age
What happened during the Neolithic Revolution? Humans went from food gathering, like hunter-gatherers, to food producing, meaning they made their own food.
What does domestication mean? Changing plants and animals to make them useful to humans.
What is agriculture? Farming
How did domestication and agriculture impact early man? Made survival easier. Did not have to move around as much. Supplies needed for survival were more easily available. People began to build permanent settlements.
What is irrigation? A way of supplying water to an area of land.
What are canals? Human-made waterways
What is a surplus? More than is needed
What is a division of labor? An arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
How did irrigation change things for early man? Irrigation allowed control over how much food was made, which led to having a surplus of food, which allowed people to do different jobs.
Created by: NYongue