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World History

Chapter 1 Notes

Paleolithic Known as old stone age
Paleolithic Began in africa
Paleolithic Longest of the “3 Stone Age Periods”
Paleolithic Dates from the time of the first tool makers to about 10,000 BC
Paleolithic Lived in small hunting and food-gathering groups numbering about 20 or 30 people.
Paleolithic Invented clothing (animal skin)
Paleolithic Built fires for warmth and cooking
Paleolithic They were NOMADS: person who moves place to place in search of foods
Mesolithic Known as the “Middle Stone Age”
Mesolithic Dated from 13,000 BC to 8,000 BC
Mesolithic Weather conditions resulted in greater availability of food
Neolithic Known as the “New Stone Age”
Neolithic Dated from 8,000 BC to 6,000 BC
Neolithic Pottery appeared in the middle east
Neolithic Copper was used for the first time
Neolithic Agriculture Revolution During this revolution, people became food producers for the first time
Neolithic Agriculture Revolution This revolution led to growth in population which led to…. More interaction among human communities
Respect for the Dead Neolithic people buried their dead in earthen tombs and surrounded them with stone walls
Village Leaders Head of family
Village Leaders Older man
Village Leaders Responsible for important decisions
Village Leaders When economic scarcity arose, these men gained great prestige as warriors
Five Essential Components for the Development of Civilization Technology, Division of Labor, Gov't, Calendar, Writing
Technology Tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs
Division of Labor A system of organizing production by giving separate task to separate workers or groups of workers
Government A group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area
Calendar System of measuring time for the needs of civil life, by dividing time into days, weeks, months, and years
Writing Words or other symbols written as a means of communication
Cuneiform a system of writing into clay or stone tablets that probably originated in Sumeria
Prehistory Period of time before writing systems were invented
Archaeologist a scientist who finds and analyzes the physical remains left by early people
Artifacts objects made by human beings
What is one of the oldest villages in present day Israel and Jordan Jerhico
What is another old village in present day turkey Catal Huyuk
Mudbrick sumerian building material
Artisans a skilled craftsworker
What makes bronze A mixture of copper and tin
Civilization complex societies with cities, gov’t, art, religion, class division, and a writing system
Irrigation building dams, channels, walls, and ditches to bring water to crops
Ziggurat a grand temple with a shrine at the top, looks like a giant square wedding cake
Sumerian Kings and Priest members of the upper class
Scribes record keepers who often went on to become gov’t officials
Epic a long poem that tells a story about a hero
Gilgamesh hero of an epic who travels around the world performing great deeds
Empire a group of many different lands under one ruler
Hammurabi king of Babylon
Hammurabi’s code one of the earliest sets of laws in history that covered most areas in daily life
Hittites Developed a way of making iron strong enough to use for weapons
Nebuchadnezzar Chaldean king who built the Hanging Gardens to please his wife
Astronomers People who study heavenly bodies
Assyrians Build a large army to protect their lands from invasion-first large army to use iron weapons
Nineveh Site of the world’s first libraries
Who rebelled against the Assyrians the Chaldeans
Anthropology the study of humans and the societies they create
Created by: S732596